• Neues Urheberrecht verbessert voraussichtlich den Schutz von Fanwerken und Remix-Kultur in Brasilien

    By .Helka Lantto on domingo, 28 November 2010 - 8:41de la tarde
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    (Anmerkung: viele der Links führen zu Seiten in brasilianischem Portugiesisch.)

    Ein überarbeitetes Urheberrecht, das in den nächsten Monaten dem brasilianischen Nationalkongress vorgelegt werden soll, wird transformativen Werken einen expliziteren Schutz vor der Anfechtung durch Rechteinhaber gewähren, falls es in seiner jetzigen Form verabschiedet wird. Durch das Gesetz sollte es außerdem legal für Fans werden, den Kopierschutz (Digital Rights Management - DRM) zu umgehen, wenn das der Erstellung transformativer Werke dient.

    Brasiliens Haltung bei Einschränkungen zum Urheberrecht ist schon jetzt weniger streng als die vieler anderer Länder. Es erlaubt die Verwendung kurzer Auszüge eines Werkes in jedem Zusammenhang (nicht nur für Erziehungszwecke und Kritik), der die normale kommerzielle Nutzung des Werkes nicht gefährdet. Artikel 46 Abschnitt VIII des Gesetzentwurfes zielt darauf ab, diese Ausnahme für “transformative Nutzungsarten” von Teilen eines Werkes deutlicher zu machen. Dazu kommt, dass eine allgemeine Klausel in Artikel 46, die zum Teil dafür gedacht ist, das Gesetz für zukünftige Technologien anwendbar zu machen, die Nutzung von geschütztem Material als “kreative Quelle” (“uso como recurso criativo”) erlaubt.

    Artikel 107 des aktuellen Gesetzentwurfs macht es legal, einen Kopierschutz zu umgehen, falls dieser eine in Artikel 46 beschriebene Nutzung verhindert. Mit anderen Worten: Es scheint so, als erlaube das Gesetz das Umgehen von Kopierschutz für die Schaffung transformativer Werke wie Fanvids. Dies stimmt mit der bestehenden brasilianischen Rechtspraxis überein, nach der Rechteinhabern hohe Strafen drohen, wenn sie erlaubte Nutzung geistigen Eigentums unterbinden.

    Das Gesetz, das eines aus dem Jahr 1998 ersetzt, soll die technischen Entwicklungen seit den 1990ern mit berücksichtigen. Es wurde so formuliert, dass Gerichte es auch auf zukünftige Technologien anwenden können, die in den Artikeln nicht speziell angesprochen werden. Im Gegensatz zu der Geheimhaltung im Zusammenhang mit den Verhandlungen über das vorgeschlagene internationale Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) wurde der Text des Gesetzentwurfs nach einer Phase öffentlicher Anhörungen zusammengestellt, die sich über mehrere Monate erstreckte.

  • New copyright law likely to strengthen protection for fanworks and remix culture in Brazil

    By .Helka Lantto on domingo, 28 November 2010 - 8:39de la tarde
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    Written by Tanaqui

    (Please note that many of the links lead to web pages in Brazilian Portuguese.)

    A revised copyright law to be put before Brazil's National Congress in the next few months will, if passed in its current form, provide more explicit protection from action by copyright holders for transformative works. The law should also make it legal for fans to break Digital Rights Management (DRM) locks if they are using the DRM-protected content in transformative ways.

    Brazil already implicitly takes a more generous approach to "fair dealing" in its copyright regime than many countries. It allows use of short extracts of a work in any context (not just for for education or critique purposes) that does not jeopardise normal commercial exploitation of the work. Item VIII of Article 46 of the draft law aims to express this exemption for "transformative uses" of parts of a work more clearly. In addition, a general clause in Article 46, designed in part to futureproof the law against new technological developments, allows for copyright material to be used as a "creative resource" ("uso como recurso criativo").

    Article 107 of the current draft of the law also makes it legal to break DRM locks when they would prevent use of the DRM-protected work in one of the ways laid out in Article 46. In other words, the law appears to allow for DRM to be broken for transformative uses such as creation of fanvids. This is consistent with the Brazilian courts' existing practice of levying heavy penalties on rights holders who take measures to prevent "fair dealing" or "fair use".

    The law will replace legislation passed in 1998 and is designed to address the impact of developments in technology since the 1990s and worded so that the courts can apply it to future technologies not specifically covered in its articles. In contrast to the secrecy that has surrounded negotiations over the proposed international Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA), the text of the draft law was compiled after a period of public consultation lasting several months.

  • Links Roundup for November 24, 2010

    By .fcoppa on miércoles, 24 November 2010 - 4:42de la tarde
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    * Board member Rebecca Tushnet has posted notes from a presentation she gave on vidding at Notre Dame's Creativity and the Law Symposium, Scary Monsters: Hybrids, Mashups, and Other Illegitimate Children.

    * TWC editor Kristina Busse has posted Affective Aesthetics to the Symposium Blog, a piece that argues that fan works are still discriminated against because they engage the emotions as well as the critical facility.

    * The New York Times is soliciting Harry Potter fanfic from students; What Would Your Favorite Literary Characters Be Like If Their Stories Never Ended?

    * Moby has founded Moby Gratis, a site which makes music available for free to makers of independent, student, and non-profit films or videos.

    * Dan Pankraz's Generation C: The Connected Collective Consumer sounds an awful lot like fandom.

    We want your suggestions! If you know of an essay, video, article, event, or link you think we should know about you can submit it in three easy ways: comment on the most recent Link Roundup on LJ, IJ or DW, tag a link with "for:otw_news" on Delicious or give @OTW_News a shoutout on Twitter. Links are welcome in all languages!

    Submitting a link doesn't guarantee that it will be included in a roundup post, and inclusion of a link doesn't mean that it is endorsed by the OTW.

  • Jonathan McIntosh Talks About Fan Vidding

    By .fcoppa on viernes, 19 November 2010 - 6:00de la tarde
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    Political remix artist Jonathan McIntosh, in an interview with Henry Jenkins done as part of an exhibition of DIY video currently ongoing at Henry's blog, discusses what he's learned from fan vidders and how its affected his political remix work.

    (Vidding will be featured next week, so stay tuned.)

  • 24/7 DIY 2010: Collective Action program posted online

    By .fcoppa on miércoles, 13 October 2010 - 11:39de la tarde
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    The 24/7 DIY Video Summit organized by USC's Institute for Multimedia Literacy has produced a new feature-length program of the latest in DIY video, including fanvids, amvs, prvs, machinima, lip dubs, literal videos, videoblogs, and YouTube videos. The show, 2010: Collective Action was shown at the Hammer Theatre in L.A. on October 5, 2010 and featured a keynote talk by Henry Jenkins. The video program is now online and parallel events are being scheduled at locations around the country.

    Vidding fandom is represented in the program by kiki_miserychic's "I'm on a boat," Obsessive24's "Piece of Me," and Hollywoodgrrl's "Art Bitch." A fuller program of vids, as well as of each of these other genres - amvs, prvs, etc. - will appear on Henry Jenkins' blog over the next few months. OTW Board member and Vidding Committee chair Francesca Coppa curated the vidding section; Tim Park curated the anime music videos; Jonathan McIntosh curated the political remixes.

    24/7 DIY 2010: Collective Action from IML @ USC on Vimeo.

  • Remix (and Response)

    By .fcoppa on miércoles, 6 October 2010 - 8:32de la tarde
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    Political remixer Jonathan McIntosh released a new political remix video, Right Wing Radio Duck.

    And Glen Beck responds (rather hilariously, with a paranoid theory about Jonathan's "federal funding" - though apparently with some comprehension of and support of fair use!):

  • Star Wars Fan Film Wins Emmy

    By .fcoppa on sábado, 28 August 2010 - 2:11de la tarde
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    Congratulations to the makers of Star Wars Uncut who last week won an Emmy for “outstanding creative achievement in interactive media" for their collaboratively made, "crowd-sourced" fan film.

    The group divided the original Star Wars film into 15 second chunks, and then invited fans to claim a segment and remake it in whatever creative way they wanted. The pieces were then edited back together to make a new version of the film--or, more accurately, many versions of a new film, since each segment has been remade more than once. (A computer program lets you move between them.)

    The group is currently “working through the legal issues" with Lucasfilm to produce a full version of the film with official Star Wars soundtrack; Lucasfilm is apparently supportive of the project.

  • Rumblefish Proposes (Highly Restrictive) Song Licensing System

    By .fcoppa on jueves, 1 July 2010 - 4:43de la mañana
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    The New York Times reports that a company called Rumblefish is partnering with YouTube to license songs to amateur video artists for use in noncommercial videos at $1.99 each. At the moment, they do not represent any major labels, though they are hoping to expand (don't hold your breath, given the difficulties the major labels have had with most new business models).

    While this idea certainly has the potential to be beneficial for vidders and other remix artists, and the price is comparable to a ringtone or higher-quality download, this isn't the solution: the license Rumblefish and YouTube are offering doesn't allow users to remix, mash up, speed up, slow down, alter or translate lyrics or do lots of other things that vidders and other remix artists routinely do; all you can do is cut the length of the song. Also, you are only permitted to stream your video, and only at authorized sites like YouTube; you can't offer your vid for download, or stream from your own site. Moreover, the licence stipulates that your use:

    must not be pornographic, promote hate or violence, must not be libelous, defamatory, fraudulent, infringing or otherwise illegal, and must not involve criticism of Friendly Music, Rumblefish, UGC Network, or any of their products or services.

    And of course they get to decide what is okay and what isn't. (Doesn't that make you want to make an anti-Rumblefish political remix right now?)

    While this service might be useful for makers of home movies and amateur films who just want to add a soundtrack to their child's birthday party or high school graduation, transformative works like vids, anime music videos, and political remix videos are not using music as a soundtrack. In these transformative works, the music is a crucial part of the message, and the message is a form of speech.

    This seems like an attempt by Rumblefish and YouTube to charge noncommercial video makers for fewer rights than they already have. In fact, it's interesting that Rumblefish and YouTube are trying to create a market to license songs to amateur video makers just as laws like Canada's Copyright Modernization Act are proposing the legalization of noncommercial remix - but only if it doesn't aversely affect "an existing or potential market." Minimalist licenses for some songs, no matter how affordable, can't substitute for fair use.

  • OTW at the RE/Mixed Festival, NYC May 30th, 2010

    By .fcoppa on viernes, 21 May 2010 - 4:24de la tarde
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    Fans of remix culture! If you're in or around NYC on Sunday, May 30th, consider coming down to the RE/Mixed Media Festival 2010 at the Galapagos Art Space in DUMBO. The festival's schedule includes: video remixes, discussions with remix artists and DJs, a panel on gaming culture, lots of DJs and musical remixes and even a remixed fashion show. Mimosas will be served at the 2 pm opening and best of all--it's free. The OTW will have a table there during the day--so come say hi!

  • Links Roundup for May 5, 2010

    By .fcoppa on miércoles, 5 May 2010 - 4:06de la mañana
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    Here's a roundup of stories, videos, and articles that might be of interest to fans!

    * A Tangle of Thorns is a literary mashup of Nabokov's "Lolita" and Lessig's "Future of Ideas" by the suspiciously-named "Otto Lambert". (Lolita's already been remixed before: Pia Pera wrote "Lo's Diary" retelling the story from Lolita's point of view.)

    * The EFF has provided a list of its favorite books in such categories as Copyright, Trademark and Innovation, Privacy, Technology, and International Internet Culture.

    * In The End of History (NY Times), Marc Aronson argues that "In order for electronic books to live up to their billing, the system in which nonfiction writers get permission to use copyrighted material in new work has to be fixed."

    * When Copyright Goes Bad is a film about how copyright is affecting consumers, and features some key players in the debate, including Fred Von Lohmann of the EFF, Jim Killock of the Open Rights Group, and Hank Shocklee - Co-founder of Public Enemy.

    * ...and hey, they DID get a "Hitler Reacts to the Hitler parodies being removed from YouTube!" video up after all!

    Hitler reacts to the Hitler parodies being removed from YouTube - Plankhead (


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