Vidding

  • OTW Secures DMCA Exemption from U.S. Copyright Office

    By Claudia Rebaza on Sábado, 27 October 2012 - 1:18de la tarde
    Message type:

    The OTW is proud to announce an important legal victory for fan vidders and other makers of noncommercial remix videos, achieved in conjunction with our friends at the Electronic Frontier Foundation: the Register of Copyrights has recommended that the Librarian of Congress maintain the vidders' exemption from certain provisions of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA).

    As you probably know, the OTW is committed to the legal position that fanworks, including vids, generally represent "fair use" of their source material under U.S. copyright law. Although this theory has not been tested in the courts yet, it means that vidders ought to be able to use parts of their source in their works without being liable for copyright infringement. However, since the passage of the DMCA, vidders have had an additional legal problem. The DMCA forbids circumvention of access controls to protected works—in other words, ripping DVDs or source purchased from online services (like Amazon Unbox) to get the source to make the vids in the first place. The statute applies even if the ripper was going to put the source to a legal use, like making a vid. So while a copyright owner might not be able to sue a vidder for infringement, it still might be able to sue her just for accessing the source.

    The DMCA is a bad law in general, not only for vidders. Fortunately, every three years, the Librarian of Congress has the responsibility of considering proposed exemptions to the DMCA which are technically necessary for otherwise legitimate uses. This means that individuals whose uses are covered by the exemption will not be legally liable just for circumventing access controls to get the source they need. In the last round, the OTW sought, and won, an exemption for vids. But each exemption must be re-approved each time, and so the OTW had to apply again this year, in the face of industry opposition that was much stronger than before.

    Drafting work was done by the Legal committee, and Francesa Coppa, Tisha Turk, and Rebecca Tushnet appeared before the agency to testify. They were able to point to many examples of vids that hinged on access to high-quality source for their full effect, such as giandujakiss's "It Depends on What You Pay." And, in the end, the OTW once again persuaded the appropriate official to formally recommend renewal of the exemption—keeping the U.S. safe for vidders.

    For those interested you can read the full decision (in PDF format) on the U.S. Copyright Office site or you can see an HTML version at Cryptome.

    The application for the exemption is a great example of a project that benefits all of fandom and which would have been impossible without an organization that let us tap our combined resources. The OTW is grateful to all its members, whose support makes its legal work possible, and to the many others who assisted us!

  • OTW Staff in the News

    By Claudia Rebaza on Sábado, 25 August 2012 - 7:28de la tarde
    Message type:

    These past two months have seen a spike in interviews with OTW staff by various media outlets. Here's a rundown on some of the places online where you can read their discussions about fandom, fanworks, and the OTW.

    • Geek Girl Con did an interview with Anna Zola Miller, who serves on the Open Doors Committee. Anna talks about her increased perception of fandom history, the challenges the project has faced, her favorite archived item, and what she's feeling fannish about.
    • Board member Francesca Coppa wrote Fandom: Open Culture Vs. Closed Platforms at OrgZine which also brings up the work of Open Doors and looked at the importance of fans' ability to keep their work from disappearing from online sites. "The social networks of Web 2.0 are mostly for-profit, commercial enterprises; the web is no longer the loose network of university and government servers it was twenty years ago. Fans used to roll their own code and make their own webpages; now others own the ground beneath their feet. And the priorities of these businesses may or may not be the priorities of fans."
    • Rebecca Tushnet discussed the legality of fanworks with Lauren Davis at io9 which formed the basis of a lengthy piece on this issue, required reading for anyone wanting to debate the topic, and sporting a nifty piece of fan art to boot.
    • Development & Membership staffer Aja Romano is delivering some excellent discussions of fandoms and fannish activities over at The Daily Dot. A notable recent piece provided recs to online sites for people wanting to find the next Fifty Shades of Grey, a badly needed guide if some of the rec lists appearing in the media over this summer are anything to go by.
    • Francesca Coppa and Tisha Turk of the OTW's Vidding Committee were the guests on talk show Hearsay Culture on KZSU-FM, Stanford, 90.1 FM, a show which focuses on the intersection of technology and society. They discussed their personal histories in vidding, what transformative works and vids are, the work of the OTW, and what our legal team's effort to secure a DMCA exemption for remixing is all about. Asked what they want the typical non-vidder to do, they exhort listeners to both know their rights and exercise them. (No transcript available).
  • Test Suite of Fair Use Vids: Image Gallery II: Comparison Still Frames

    By Natalie on Domingo, 5 August 2012 - 2:35de la mañana
    Message type:
    Etiquetas:

    The following image files are a side by side comparison of the Star Trek stills made by Tisha Turk from ripped DVD footage (shown at the June 4, 2012 hearing at the Library of Congress in Washington DC) with stills provided to us by the DVD CCA on July 25, 2012 made from screencaptured footage. The screencaptured stills were provided to the Library of Congress to support the argument that screencaptured footage is adequate for vidders and noncommercial remixers. We believe that the below side by side comparison shows that they are not.

    While the stills taken from the DVD CCA's .mpg are not as pixellated as those taken from the .avi Tisha Turk made (see our previous Image Gallery), they have other problems; note the lack of detail, the blurriness, the washed-out color, and the incorrect aspect ratio. But even if the stills were of excellent quality, the file that they are taken from is still an MPEG file not meant for editing; that is, the screencapturing process that produced the captured stills below produces a file that is not suitable for video editing.

    Image A: Captain Robau of the USS Kelvin: top image captured by the DVD CCA, lower image ripped.

     

     top image captured by the DVD CCA, lower image ripped.

     
     

    Image B: Captain Robau of the USS Kelvin as seen after a flash of bright light; top image captured by DVD CCA, lower image ripped.

     

     Captain Robau of the USS Kelvin as seen after a flash of bright light; top image captured by DVD CCA, lower image ripped.

     
     

    Image C: Captain Robau, cropped and resized. Top image capture by DVD CCA, lower image ripped.

     

     Captain Robau, cropped and resized. Top image capture by DVD CCA, lower image ripped.

     
     

    Image D: The Narada; top image captured by DVD CCA, lower image ripped.

     

     The Narada; top image captured by DVD CCA, lower image ripped.

     
     

    Image E: Panning past Kirk Senior; top image captured by DVD CCA, lower image ripped.

     

     Panning past Kirk Senior; top image captured by DVD CCA, lower image ripped.

     
     

    Image F: Missiles fire during the battle; top image captured by DVD CCA, lower image ripped.

     

     Missiles fire during the battle; top image captured by DVD CCA, lower image ripped.

     
     

    Image G: The USS Kelvin takes fire; top image captured by DVD CCA, lower image ripped.

     
     The USS Kelvin takes fire; top image captured by DVD CCA, lower image ripped.

     
     

    Image H: The Kelvin's helmsman reacts (first shot); top image captured by DVD CCA, lower image ripped.

     

     The Kelvin's helmsman reacts (first shot); top image captured by DVD CCA, lower image ripped..

     
     

    Image I:The Kelvin's helmsman reacts (second shot); top image captured by DVD CCA, lower image ripped.

     

    The Kelvin's helmsman reacts (second shot); top image captured by DVD CCA, lower image ripped..

     
     

  • 同人视频与多媒体

    By .fiammanda on Miércoles, 18 July 2012 - 1:45de la tarde
    Message type:
    Etiquetas:

    同人爱好者以各种形式创作多媒体作品,包括同人图片、视频剪辑、动画音乐视频、政治讽喻、同人电影、预告片、引擎电影、小说朗读和有声书等。OTW衍生作品组织致力于收集和保存这些作品;我们的“同人视频与多媒体项目”正是希望能向广大同人视频受众提供信息与资源,并且使这些作品更好地被社会各界理解与接受。

    同人视频发展计划

    同人视频发展计划介绍了OTW组织准备推出的视频相关特色与服务,同时包括我们将视频功能完全并入AO3作品库的计划。

    同人视频创作资源

    我们希望以下页面能对同人视频创作者有所帮助;如果你希望添加或者修改某个页面,或者有其他意见和建议,请联系我们

    同人视频研究资源

    • 同人视频参考资料:通过 Zotero软件维护,每两年更新一次。上次更新:2011年8月17日。
    • 同人作品引用指导:如何在学术环境中引用同人视频(及其他学术作品)。
    • 视频创作(2008):OTW衍生作品组织为麻省理工大学的新媒体素养项目制作的纪录片。
    • 视频创作纪录片(2011):Youtube视频,作者为阿比盖尔·克里斯滕森。
    • 多媒体作品学术档案(即将推出):在学术文章中出现过的同人视频档案馆;我们也将为有出版计划的学者提供联络点,从而保证未来的文章与著作有可靠的引用与脚注。

    视频制作历史系列项目

    OTW组织目前在实景同人视频制作的法律与学术方面相当专业。我们的视频制作历史系列项目致力于为同人视频受众提供服务,并使视频制作更好地被社会各界理解和接受。目前的项目包括:视频口述历史项目合理使用视频测试视频创作(2008)(OTW组织为麻省理工大学的新媒体素养项目制作的纪录片)。许多OTW组织的法律工作也与视频有关;你可以在我们的法律支持页面看到更多信息。

    内部视频库(即将推出)

    内部视频库的目的是储存及保护视频;这一作品库将不会联网或对大众公开。详情请参见同人视频发展计划

    TO3种子库(即将推出)

    TO3种子库(Torrent of Our Own)是一个私用BT种子伺服器,用于下载无版权问题的衍生作品,包括视频、小说预告片、同人图片、PDF同人志、动画音乐视频、政治讽喻、引擎电影,以及其它电子形式的同人作品。详情请参见同人视频发展计划

  • OTW at the Library of Congress for DMCA

    By .fcoppa on Jueves, 7 June 2012 - 1:59de la tarde
    Message type:
    Etiquetas:

    Legal chair Rebecca Tushnet and Vidding committee members Francesca Coppa and Tisha Turk testified at the Library of Congress's Digital Millenium Copyright Act (DMCA) hearings on June 4, 2012 in favor of a renewal and expansion of the DMCA exemption for Noncommercial Remixers (like vidders and other fan video makers.) Rebecca Tushnet has been liveblogging all the hearings, including the OTW's testimony, and Tisha Turk is putting her notes and recollections online as well. You can also find copies of our Reply Comment as well as our various exhibits - our revised Test Suite and an Image Gallery comparing DVD-ripped and screen-captured images-- linked from our Legal Advocacy page.

  • Test Suite of Fair Use Vids: Image Gallery

    By Kristen Murphy on Jueves, 31 May 2012 - 7:29de la tarde
    Message type:
    Etiquetas:

    Below are a series of comparative images demonstrating quality differences between DVD-ripped and screen captured source. All images were made from the opening scene of the 2009 Star Trek reboot movie; captures were made with the Replay Video Capture software demonstrated at the Library of Congress "tech day" hearings.

    You may notice that the first of these images — the captured image of Captain Robau (as seen in the top half of Image A) — is not bad; in fact, screen capture software works all right for low-motion, low-contrast shots (for example, of people standing still or just talking).

    However, as we see in the top half of Image B, capture software works poorly in bright light or for high contrast shots. Image B is essentially the same static shot as in Image A, but it comes after an explosion — a sudden flash of bright light — and pixellation of the image is immediately evident.

    Similarly, Image C shows the same footage cropped and resized: a common technique to change the composition of or emphasis in a the frame, and further degradation is evident.

    Images D through I below also show the loss of quality incurred capturing clips in scenes with more contrast or internal movement.

    So in a typical movie, very few captured frames would have even the barely acceptable quality that we see in Image A. (And vidders and other fan remixers tend not to use static shots of people talking in any case; in fact, to do so is a sign of inexperience and derided by vid critics with slang terms like "Talky-Face" or "Lip Flap." )
     


     

    Image A: Captain Robau of the USS Kelvin: the top image was captured, the lower image was ripped.

     

     the top image was captured, the lower image was ripped.

     
     

    Image B: Captain Robau of the USS Kelvin as seen after a flash of bright light; top image captured, lower image ripped.

     

     Captain Robau of the USS Kelvin as seen after a flash of bright light; top image captured, lower image ripped.

     
     

    Image C: Captain Robau, cropped and resized. As you can see, this has a severe effect on captured image quality; the ripped DVD footage stands up much better. Top image captured, lower image ripped.

     

     This image demonstrates the effects of cropping and resizing on image quality. Top image captured, lower image ripped.

    Image D: The Narada; top image captured, lower image ripped.

     

     The Narada; top image captured, lower image ripped.

     
     

    Image E: Panning past Kirk Senior; top image captured, lower image ripped.

     

     Panning past Kirk Senior; top image captured, lower image ripped.

     
     

    Image F: Missiles fire during the battle; top image captured, lower image ripped.

     

     Missiles fire during the battle; top image captured, lower image ripped.

     
     

    Image G: The USS Kelvin takes fire; top image captured, lower image ripped.

     

     The USS Kelvin takes fire; top image captured, lower image ripped.

     
     

    Image H: The Kelvin's helmsman reacts (first shot); top image captured, lower image ripped.

     

     The Kelvin's helmsman reacts (first shot); top image captured, lower image ripped.

     
     

    Image I: The Kelvin's helmsman reacts (second shot); top image captured, lower image ripped.

     

     The Kelvin's helmsman reacts (second shot); top image captured, lower image ripped.

     
     
    Return to the Test Suite of Fair Use Vids

  • Fan Video Diversity Showcase

    By .fcoppa on Viernes, 27 April 2012 - 7:31de la tarde
    Message type:
    Etiquetas:

    Fan videos have been of interest to the Organization for Transformative Works for a long time, and last year various video and multimedia projects came to fruition. We have revamped the Fan Video and Multimedia project pages on the official OTW website and expanded our scope beyond the media fandom vidding tradition, to make it clearer that we aim to be inclusive of diverse traditions, and to be useful to a wide range of fan artists, be they vidders or AMV editors or fan film directors or remixers or any other involved creators.

    2012 has already been an exciting year for the Fan Video & Multimedia project, with the release of Transformative Works and Cultures' Fan/Remix Video issue on March 15th. In the wake of this release, we wanted to raise awareness about the embedding option of the Archive of Our Own that allows users to embed videos from a variety of streaming platforms. This option is particularly useful to fan video makers who may be worried about their work being taken down. Embedding your work on the Archive of Our Own means that, regardless of where your video is hosted, you will have a stable URL for your work as well as stable comments and hit counts. A different embed code can be swapped into the AO3 page for your work in case you decide to switch platforms, or face site closures or takedowns.

    Initiated by the Fan Video & Multimedia group, this project benefited from the International & Outreach Committee’s collaboration. We have invited fan video makers to our Fan Video Diversity Showcase to declare, loudly and passionately, that all forms of fan video are welcome at the AO3. The OTW is committed to representing and protecting the history and creations of fan video makers from all traditions and nationalities.

    This Fan Video Diversity Showcase is but an ‘appetizer’, a ‘trailer’, and we invite others to embed their videos on Archive of Our Own. Other video-related projects will follow as time and technology allow, but we believe that this is an important declaration of our commitment to fan video makers and viewers.

    Natacha Guyot
    OTW's Vidding and International & Outreach Committees

  • Extending the DMCA Exemption for Noncommercial Remixers

    By .fcoppa on Viernes, 23 December 2011 - 7:19de la tarde
    Message type:
    Etiquetas:

    Legal and vidding committee members Rebecca Tushnet, Rachael Vaughn and Francesca Coppa have collaborated with the EFF on a proposal (download the .pdf) to the Library of Congress to renew and extend the DMCA exemption for Noncommercial Remixers. The current exemption gives noncommercial remix artists - like fan video artists and political remixers - the right to rip DVDs, breaking their encryption, for the purpose of making a fair use video, and the request covers that as well as using sources like Amazon Unbox where material isn't available on DVD.

    The papers were filed December 1, 2011 and contain statements from and interviews with a number of fans - so thank you everyone who told us their stories!

    The OTW will be sending representatives to Washington in the early part of next year to testify in favor of these exemptions, so stay tuned for more news.

    Lastly, those of you interested in fan vidding might be interested in this documentary by Abigail Christensen.

  • DMCA Exemption Proposal - Video Makers, We Need YOU!

    By .fcoppa on Domingo, 30 October 2011 - 6:54de la tarde
    Message type:
    Etiquetas:

    The OTW's Legal and Vidding Committees have started working on the renewal of our hard-won exemption to the US DMCA (Digital Millenium Copyright Act)'s provisions on digital rights management for noncommercial remixers--and we need your help! If you vid or make other forms of fan video by ripping DVDs or Blueray discs; if you rip footage from a streaming service like Hulu, Itunes Streaming, or Amazon Unbox, please get in touch! You don't have to use your real name: Depending on your choice, we can describe you using your pseudonym or as "a vidder" or "a fan filmmaker." We are trying to compile stories of how fans work and what they need to make their fanworks.

    We are seeking your own words about:
    (1) Why vidding is a transformative and creative act;
    (2) Why you need to circumvent (rip) DVDs or other sources such as Blu-Ray, Amazon Unbox, Hulu, or YouTube--we are particularly interested in cases where you were only able to find a copy of the source at one of the online services because the source wasn't available on DVD;
    (3) Whether you've tried screen capture software and how it worked for you;
    (4) Whether you could make use of the "alternative" proposed by the MPAA, which is that you set up a separate camera to record your screen as it plays the source;
    (5) Why high-quality source is important to you, whether your reasons are technical or aesthetic or something else;
    (6) Anything else you think we ought to know as we work with the EFF to put together our request!

    So please contact Francesca Coppa directly (fcoppa at transformativeworks dot org) or use the Vidding committee webform.

    The OTW works hard to engage with and influence the US laws regarding fair use not only to help fans in the US or who use US-based services, but because we are aware that these laws have a ripple effect all over the world. For example, in South Korea, there was a huge crackdown on online copyrighted content as a result of a fair trade agreement with the U.S., and US policymakers are pushing these other countries to enact laws that are even harsher and don't provide for exemptions the way that the US's own domestic law does. Strong DMCA exemptions help send the message that such a system doesn't work for the US and wouldn't be a good idea elsewhere either. (We are interested in hearing from non-US vidders with answers to the questions above too!)

  • New Fan Video Project Pages!

    By .fcoppa on Domingo, 25 September 2011 - 1:07de la mañana
    Message type:
    Etiquetas:

    Following our previously outlined roadmap, the OTW is proud to be hosting a number of new resources for fan video makers. These new Fan Video and Multimedia pages include:

    There are also resources for scholars interested in fan video, including a Bibliography of Fan Video and a Fan Works Style Guide which will tell you how to cite fan vids (and other fan works) in academic contexts. You can also find our extant Vidding Projects - the Oral History Project, the Test Suite of Fair Use Vids, and Vidding (2008), a documentary produced by the OTW for MIT's New Media Literacy project - linked from this page.

    We'd like to give particular shout-outs to TWC editor Karen Hellekson, Vidding volunteers Laura Shapiro, Tisha Turk, Nele Noppe, and Margie, and International Outreach team member Natacha Guyot for work above and beyond the call of duty on these pages. Thank you!

    Technology - and the culture surrounding it - moves very fast. If you can help us improve or update these resource pages, or want to suggest and work on new ones - please contact us.

Páginas

Subscribe to Vidding