• Fan Video Roadmap

    OTW Staff lauantaina, 1 toukokuuta 2010 - 1:53am

    This Roadmap lists the various features and services that we hope to be able to offer fan video makers. Our priorities are stability and sustainability — we want to build services that will work long-term with our resources, and that will help protect fan videos in a changing legal and economic climate.

    Our Roadmap includes:

    1. Resources for Fan Video creators

    The OTW will host a collection of information and resources we hope will be useful to the larger community of fan video makers.

    Resources will include:

    • instructions on How To Stream Video From Your Own Site
    • instructions on how to dispute a YouTube takedown or file a DMCA counternotice; note: this will not be legal advice, but procedural information
    • a bibliography of all academic and legal articles on vidding
    • a library of vids discussed in scholarly articles: we will also provide a point of contact for scholars who plan to publish so that future articles and books have stable references and footnotes.
    • the existing Vidding History project, the Test Suite, etc.

    When This Can Happen: Available now! (If you have suggestions for additional information we ought to host, or are willing to help us write or maintain any of these pages, please contact the vidding committee via their webform.)

    2. A Dark Archive

    The goal of the dark archive is to store and protect fan videos: a sort of communal video vault. The dark archive will not be online or generally accessible: the goal is for people whose videos might otherwise be lost to have a copy stored in a secure and responsible place come vidapocalypse. If vidders place copies of their videos with us, we could restore copies to them in case of TOSing or computer failure. We will be asking video makers who want to deposit copies of their videos to fill out a form telling us what we can and can't do with them; it is possible that the Dark Archive could at some point be used to form the core of a torrent seeding drive (see #3, #5 below).

    We would ideally partner with conventions that have vid shows to preserve their collections as well.

    When This Can Happen: In progress.

    Resources Needed: Either external hard drives and back up drives or large, static server space in the cloud; space is cheap but drives can fill up with video very quickly. People power: catalogers, maintainers, administrators. Librarians experienced with dark archives a plus.

    3. A Torrent of Our Own (TO3)

    A bittorrent tracker open to registered users to post torrents for fair-use transformative fanworks, including: vids, fic trailers, fan art, zine pdfs, AMVs, political remix, machinima, and other transformative digital fanworks. Users will be able to download without a password. Before posting, uploaders will have to read about fair use standards and agree that what they're uploading is a transformative fanwork. TO3 users will be able to add torrent urls to the AO3 work template alongside embeds from streaming sites, if any (see #4); this will allow vidders to have all their works in one place, take advantage of the AO3's tagging system, provide a stable home for comments, etc.

    Note 1: Sharing transformative works over peer-to-peer networks is LEGAL: however, we will have a zero tolerance policy for piracy, and abusers will be banned.

    Note 2: The more people use the TO3, the stronger the TO3 swarm will become, and the better for the our eventual plan to stream torrents, (feature #5, below.)

    Note 3: We hope that the AO3 will be eventually be able to seed copies of videos and fan art for the TO3; this will however require significant additional resources and will not be part of the initial stage of the TO3.

    When This Can Happen: In Progress.

    Resources Needed: Technical personnel to select, implement, and brand the tracker and uploader registration system; dedicated and enthusiastic volunteers to promote the swarm among fans far and wide (tell your friends!); users with the ability to seed video.

    4. AO3 Embed Code

    The OTW's Accessibility, Design, and Technology Committee (AD&T) will work on the code for embedding fanart and fan video in the AO3. When this is coded, we will be able to host embeds from YouTube or other streaming sites, including a fan's own site (see #1), alongside torrent urls (#3) or other pertinent information. Fan video makers will be able to change the source of a video's embed without losing meta-information, tags, and comments.

    When This Can Happen: Available Now!

    5. Integration of the TO3 into the AO3

    Our hope is to eventually be able to stream video from torrents in the TO3 within the AO3, so that each AO3 vid would offer both a stream and a torrent for downloading.

    Ideally, the OTW would be able to convert the Dark Archive (#2) into the core of a vid-seeding drive, either from the cloud or from hard drives spread over the computers of an organized group of volunteers, each of whom would take a sub-section of the total archive.

    Note that successful implementation of this integration involves several challenges: 1) the TO3 will have to be fairly robust; 2) we will have to implement the Swarmplayer or similar technology for streaming from torrents; 3) if the OTW has to seed a significant number of vids to maintain availability and/or performance, this will require a significant ongoing financial commitment; 4) stabilization of best practices for fair use video.

    When This Can Happen: This is a long-term plan which would require a high level of stability on the Archive of Our Own as well as a significant amount of resources. This will happen after Release 1.0 of the Archive of Our Own — assuming the Dark Archive, TO3, and AO3 continue to develop as planned, we’d start work on this full integration in about two years.

    Resources Needed: Additional financial resources to ensure ongoing stability; lots of people power needed to code, test, administer and support the AO3 and TO3.

  • Fan Video and Multimedia

    OTW Staff lauantaina, 1 toukokuuta 2010 - 1:50am

    Fans create a wide variety of multimedia works, including fan art, vids, anime music videos, political remixes, fan films, fan trailers, machinima, podfic and audiobooks, and others. The OTW is committed to providing access to and preserving the history of these works, and our Fan Video and Multimedia projects are intended both to provide information and resources to the larger fan video community and to help explain and contextualize these works to the larger world.

    Fan Video Roadmap

    The Fan Video Roadmap is a guide to the OTW's planned video-related features and services, including our plan to fully incorporate video into the Archive of Our Own.

    Resources for Fan Video creators

    The following pages feature information we hope will be useful to fan video creators; if you have a suggestion for a page to be hosted here, or new suggestions or corrections to existing pages, please contact us.

    Resources for Fan Video Scholars

    • Bibliography of Fan Video: maintained on Zotero and updated twice a year. Last Export: August 17, 2011.
    • Fan Works Style Guide: how to cite fan vids (and other scholarly works) in academic contexts.
    • Vidding (2008), a documentary produced by the OTW for MIT's New Media Literacy project.
    • Vidding Documentary (2011), by Abigail Christensen
    • Scholarly Archive of Multimedia Works (coming soon): A library of fan videos discussed in scholarly articles: we will also provide a point of contact for scholars who plan to publish so that future articles and books have stable references and footnotes.

    Vidding History Projects

    The OTW currently has particular legal and scholarly expertise in live-action media fan vidding; our Vidding History projects aim to provide services to the vidding community and explain and contextualize vidding to the larger world. Current projects include: the Vidding Oral History Project, the Test Suite of Fair Use Vids, and Vidding (2008), a documentary produced by the OTW for MIT's New Media Literacy project. Much of the OTW's legal work has been vidding-related as well; you can find out more about that at our legal advocacy page.

    The Dark Archive

    The goal of the dark archive will be to store and protect vids; this archive will not be online or generally accessible. See the Fan Video Roadmap for more information.

    Torrent of Our Own

    The Torrent of Our Own will be a private tracker for fair-use transformative fanworks, including: vids, fic trailers, fan art, zine pdfs, AMVs, political remix, machinima, and other transformative digital fanworks. See the Fan Video Roadmap for more information.

  • Free Service on Ning is Being Eliminated

    .fcoppa perjantaina, 16 huhtikuuta 2010 - 2:21pm

    TechCrunch reports: Ning's Bubble Bursts: No More Free Networks, Cuts 40% of Staff. This isn't a copyright issue, but a matter of profits: they're finding free networks insufficiently profitable, and so are going to be focusing more on their "premium" services.

    This may displace vidders (again!) who put their work at places like Bam Vid Vault and other networks after the fall of Imeem; we're also going to see more disruption of vidding communities. We remind you to document yourself and other fans on Fanlore so that people looking for you and your work can find you regardless of what platforms, services, or networks you use--and yes, yes, we need A Vidding Archive of Our Own!

  • Go Go Godzilla!

    .fcoppa tiistaina, 23 maaliskuuta 2010 - 8:40pm

    I have often described the coming battle over online video as Godzilla vs. Mothra--that is to say, a battle which will be fought out among corporate behemoths much more powerful than any vidder. Reel one of this monster movie is starting: Viacom vs. Google. This week, both sides released paperwork detailing their claims and accusations; at stake is YouTube, and even more specifically, the DMCA's "safe harbor" provision--which is just the little detail which has made most of the internet possible. (Short, IANAL version: "safe harbor" means that you can't hold internet services liable for everything their users do with them. If streaming sites, web ISPs, social networks, etc. had to guarantee that nobody would ever use them to do, publish, or share anything illegal, they wouldn't be able to function.)

    Probably the funniest part of this week's news comes from YouTube's blog post on the subject, in which they argue that Viacom is basically full of sockpuppets:

    For years, Viacom continuously and secretly uploaded its content to YouTube, even while publicly complaining about its presence there. It hired no fewer than 18 different marketing agencies to upload its content to the site. It deliberately "roughed up" the videos to make them look stolen or leaked. It opened YouTube accounts using phony email addresses. It even sent employees to Kinko's to upload clips from computers that couldn't be traced to Viacom...As a result, on countless occasions Viacom demanded the removal of clips that it had uploaded to YouTube, only to return later to sheepishly ask for their reinstatement. In fact, some of the very clips that Viacom is suing us over were actually uploaded by Viacom itself.

    Is it too much to hope that Viacom flounces and deletes all its journals in a huff?

  • Fanivideoiden historia

    .Helka Lantto lauantaina, 27 helmikuuta 2010 - 5:33pm

    Fanivideot (vids) ovat fanien tekemiä musiikkivideoita, joita tehdään leikkaamalla uudelleen ja remiksaamalla aineistoa televisiosarjoista ja elokuvista. Fanivideoiden historia on paljon pidempi kuin YouTuben (2003) ja nykyaikaisen "remix"-kulttuurin; fanivideoita on tehty jo 1970-luvulta lähtien, ja ne ovat yksi Star Trek -fandomissa ja myöhemmissä mediafandomeissa syntyneistä taidemuodoista. Lisäksi erityisen merkillepantavaa on, että fanivideoita tekevät lähinnä naiset, ehkä siksi että mediafandom yleensä on naisvaltainen, tai siksi että tarinoiden kertominen jo olemassa olevan materiaalin avulla on ollut yksi tapa murtaa se muuri, joka estää naisia pääsemästä kalliiseen ja miesten dominoimaan filmien maailmaan.

    Transformatiivisten teosten järjestön (OTW) Fanivideoiden historia -projekti on sitoutunut dokumentoimaan ja vaalimaan fanivideoiden 35-vuotista historiaa. Me uskomme, että ei-kaupalliset teokset, kuten fanivideot, jotka käyttävät luovasti olemassa olevaa tekijänoikeuslain alaista materiaalia, ovat transformatiivisia ja että transformatiiviset teokset ovat laillisia Yhdysvaltain tekijänoikeuslain mukaan.

    Työhömme kuuluvat:

    Fair use -fanivideoiden testisarja: Tarjotaan osana OTW:n lausuntoa EFF:n Yhdysvaltain tekijänoikeusvirastolle osoittaman vetoomuksen tukemiseksi. Vetoomuksessa EFF anoo erivapautta DMCA (Digital Millennium Copyright Act) -laista fanivideoiden ja muiden transformatiivisten tai muulla tavalla Yhdysvaltain fair use -käytännön mukaisten teosten tekijöille.

    Vidding: Dokumentti remix-kulttuurista, jonka OTW tuotti yhdessä MIT:n ja New Media Literacy -projektin kanssa vuonna 2008. Ohjaus: Francesca Coppa; leikkaus: Laura Shapiro.

    Suullinen historia -projekti: OTW on perustanut Suullinen historia -projektin dokumentoidakseen monien fanivideoiden esiäitien kokemuksia. Haastateltavina ovat muun muassa: Kandy Fong; Sandy ja Rache Media Cannibals -kollektiivista; Morgan Dawn. Haluaisimme, että mahdollisimman moni fanivideoiden tekijä olisi mukana tässä projektissa; jos sinua kiinnostaisi tulla haastatelluksi, ota meihin yhteyttä.

    Julkisuus ja esitykset:

    Neda Ulabyn Vidders Talk Back To Their Pop-Culture Muses NPR:n All Things Considered -ohjelmassa, lähetetty 25. helmikuuta, 2009. Kuuntele verkossa tai lue mukana oleva artikkeli.

    Fanivideoiden sukupuu: Francesca Coppa ja Laura Shapiro tekivät yhteistyössä kaksituntisen "Fanivideoiden sukupuu" -esityksen ja videonäytöksen 24/7: A DIY Video Summit -tapahtumassa (8.-10. helmikuuta, 2008; School of Cinematic Arts, University of Southern California).

    "Remixing Television: Francesca Coppa on the vidding underground," haastattelu: Jesse Walker, Reason: Free Minds and Free Markets -julkaisu. Elokuu/syyskuu 2008, s. 57-63.

    The Vidder, New York Magazinen profiili Luminositystä

  • Vimeo Sued Over Music Infringement

    .fcoppa torstaina, 31 joulukuuta 2009 - 5:36am

    Here's a case that vidders might want to keep an eye on. Vimeo is being sued by a number of record companies--EMI, Capitol, Virgin--over audio tracks, which "are too often unlicensed copies of full songs." You can read more about the case at Vimeo sued; have staffers uploaded infringing content? While the suit seems to want to leave some space for transformative works--as the article notes, EMI is "careful to say that it is 'not seeking to stifle creativity or preclude members of the public from creating original, lawful audiovisual works,'" it also wants to stop usage of "the entire musical work deliberately and carefully synchronized into the video."

    Obviously we at the OTW disagree with the implication that the use of music "in careful synchronization" is automatically infringing. Music can be an interpretive tool, and vids are a form of speech: they show, they demonstrate, they make arguments. In a vid, music is not a "soundtrack"; it is an essential part of the argument and creates a new--intricate, and richly meaningful--whole.

  • Links of Potential Interest to Vidders

    .fcoppa torstaina, 5 marraskuuta 2009 - 1:33am

    From the business section of the Guardian this week: Google seeks to turn a profit from YouTube copyright clashes. The article's subtitle gives you the gist: "Group is working to persuade music and video companies to cash in rather than clamp down when their content is uploaded." In short, Google wants to use their content fingerprinting system to report uses--even transformed uses--to copyright holders and then to offer them the chance to put ads on user-generated content. There's lots wrong with that, but perhaps the wrongest is the idea that the companies have the right to take things down because "because the use does not fit the original's values." C'mon, Google! Don't be evil!

    In brighter news, UK Will Urge EC To Legalise Mashups, Format-Shifting, Content Sharing. This "could include legalising more outright copying, the creation of sound/image mashups, format-shifting and sharing material with family and friends."

    Relatedly, folks seem to be figuring out that the DVR isn't actually the death of commercial television and that so-called "music pirates" actually buy more music. While we've heard this song before, optimistically copyright holders will eventually figure out that they shouldn't be afraid of new technologies.

  • The Slow Road to Fair Use: How IKAT381 fought the Bots and won

    .fcoppa lauantaina, 3 lokakuuta 2009 - 2:31pm

    You might think fighting robots only happens in video games, in which case: read the The Slow Road to Fair Use: Why it Takes Three Weeks to Post Your Youtube Video, a guest post by video remixer IKAT381 at IKAT381 chronicles the three week--but ultimately successful--slog to get a vid up on YouTube, a process that included fighting the upload bot, which did an automatic takedown, lodging a dispute through YouTube's built-in online tool, and then lodging a DMCA counternotice when the dispute was denied (by another bot?) in favor of UMG, the record company that owned the Weezer song.

    Persistence paid off, but as IKAT381 points out, "imagine if I was a career artist who wanted to dedicate more time to creating than to looking up copyright law and counter-notice procedures. Or imagine I had kids, or school, or any number of things that might be more important to me than being a copyright geek."

    IKAT381 concludes: In the year 2009, copyright disputes have been taken over by robots. In the year 2010, copyright disputes should be handled by people.

    (You might also enjoy the vid. Super Pork and Beans All-Stars (Weezer Remix) is a tribute to IKAT381's favorite internet celebrities, of which you're sure to recognize more than a few!)

  • Public Knowledge Video Series: "We Are Creators, Too" (+Bonus Geek Feminism Interview)

    .fcoppa torstaina, 1 lokakuuta 2009 - 8:10pm

    Public Knowledge, a Washington, D.C.-based public interest group working to defend citizens' rights in the digital culture, has just done a four part "TV" series called, "We Are Creators, Too."

    Part One features Nina Paley, the brilliant independent filmmaker and animator who made Sita Sings The Blues, whose release was tied up over music rights: while the actual recordings she used (from 1927) were in the public domain, the "sync licenses" were exorbitant.

    Parts Two and Three feature Elisa Kreisinger and Jonathan McIntosh of Political Remix Video; Elisa's political remixes, including "Queer Housewives of New York City (Real Housewives Remix)", can be found at; Jonathan's political remixes, including, "So You Think You Can Be President?" and the recent "Buffy vs. Edward" can be found at

    Part Four features OTW board member Francesca Coppa talking about vidding and vid culture, as well as the work of the OTW. (Francesca was also recently interviewed over at Geek Feminism, where she talks about the Archive of Our Own, Fanlore, and where the OTW is vis a vis a vidding archive.)

  • Cinema Journal Puts Fandom in the Spotlight

    .fcoppa maanantaina, 21 syyskuuta 2009 - 9:23pm

    The Summer, 2009 issue of Cinema Journal features a section on fandom in general and vidding in particular edited by TWC's Kristina Busse and featuring a number of members of TWC's editorial board. (Yes, that's a shot from Lim's "Us" on the cover!) The issue is currently being mailed to subscribers, but eventually will be online at JStor and available through academic search engines in libraries and such.

    In Focus: Fandom and Feminism
    Gender and the Politics of Fan Production

    "Introduction," by Kristina Busse
    "A Fannish Taxonomy of Hotness," by Francesca Coppa
    "A Fannish Field of Value: Online Fan Gift Culture," by Karen Hellekson
    "Should Fan Fiction Be Free?" by Abigail De Kosnik
    "User Penetrated Content: Fan Video in the Age of Convergence," by Julie Levin Russo
    "Living in a Den of Thieves: Fan Video and Digital Challenges to Ownership," by Alexis Lothian

    Edited to add: Not sure for how long this file will be available, but the "In Focus" section can currently be found on the SCMS website here (right-click and save).


Subscribe to Vidding