By Claudia Rebaza on Tuesday, 22 October 2013 - 9:47pmTags:
By Claudia Rebaza on Sunday, 13 October 2013 - 3:21pmTags:
On October 3, the OTW's Legal Committee asked for fans to submit stories of how they developed new skills or knowledge as a result of their fandom involvement.
We asked for people to contribute stories until October 10th since Legal had to submit comments by October 14th. This deadline has been moved forward to November so we can now continue to accept stories until October 30.
If you would like to submit your own story, please use Legal's contact form. And thank you to all those who have already participated!
By Claudia Rebaza on Wednesday, 9 October 2013 - 5:49pmTags:
Click for English language version
In diesem Eintrag:
- Eine kleine Hintergrunderklärung
- Was das für die Urheber von Fanwerken im GSSU bedeutet
- Und was tun, wenn du noch Fragen hast
Bettina, die GSSU (German Speaking Slashers United)-Archivarin, erstellte das Archiv im Jahr 2000 als Zusatz zur deutschsprachigen Querstrich-Mailingliste. Obwohl die Mailingliste immer noch existiert, wanderten viele Mitglieder in andere Bereiche wie LiveJournal/Dreamwidth, Twitter, Tumblr, etc. ab. Aufgrund dessen und wegen der niedrigen Postingaktivität in den letzten Jahren, kündigte Bettina in 2012 an, das Archiv zu schließen. Da dies für sie eine schwierige Entscheidung war und sie einen wichtigen Teil der deutschsprachigen Fandomgeschichte erhalten wollte, stimmte Open Doors bereitwillig zu, die Fanwerke des GSSU im Archive of Our Own zu erhalten.
Im neuen Zuhause erhält das GSSU eine separate, durchsuchbare Sammlung mit einer eigenen Identität für alle Fangeschichten aus dem Originalarchiv. Mit dem Import des GSSU in diese AO3-Sammlung beginnen wir im November 2013.
Das ist der Punkt wo wir eure Hilfe brauchen!
1. Wenn du schon ein AO3-Nutzerkonto hast und bereits deine GSSU-Fanwerke selbst hochgeladen hast (oder dies gerne selbst machen würdest!), bitte kontaktiere Open Doors oder die Archivarin unter gssuarchivist at gmail.com mit deinem GSSU-Pseudonym(en) und E-Mail-Adresse(n), damit wir deine Geschichten nicht importieren. (Wir können dir auch eine Anleitung schicken, wie man eine grosse Anzahl Geschichten gleichzeitig zur neuen AO3-Sammlung hinzufügt: http://archiveofourown.org/collections/GSSU.)
2. Wenn du kein AO3-Nutzerkonto hast, aber gerne eines möchtest, um deine Geschichten selber zu importieren, bitte kontaktiere Open Doors oder die Archivarin unter gssuarchivist at gmail.com mit deinem GSSU Pseudonym(en) und deiner bevorzugten E-Mail-Adresse, damit wir dir eine AO3-Einladung schicken können. (Wir können dir eine Anleitung schicken, wie du deine Geschichten importieren und sie zur neuen AO3-Sammlung hinzufügen kannst: http://archiveofourown.org/collections/GSSU.)
3. Wenn du deine Geschichten NICHT importiert haben möchtest, bitte kontaktiere Open Doors oder die Archivarin unter gssuarchivist at gmail.com mit deinem GSSU-Pseudonym(en) und deiner E-Mail-Adresse(n), damit wir deine Geschichten nicht importieren. (Wenn du nichts dagegen hast, dass deine Geschichten dem Archiv erhalten bleiben, aber du sie nicht mit deinem Namen assoziiert haben möchtest, dann lass uns das auch wissen. Anstelle deine Geschichten zurück zu lassen, wo sie gelöscht werden, können wir sie anonymisieren.)
Alle Fanwerke, die im Auftrag der Urheber importiert wurden, werden in der Inhaltsangabe der Geschichte mit dem Autorennamen versehen. Im Zuge des Imports werden wir E-Mail-Mitteilungen an die Adresse, die mit der Geschichte assoziiert ist, verschicken.
Alle importierten Geschichten werden anfangs nur für eingeloggte AO3-Nutzer sichtbar sein. (Nachdem du deine Geschichten mit deinem eigenen AO3-Nutzer verbunden hast, kannst du sie für alle sichtbar machen, wenn du möchtest.) Nach 3 Monaten werden die von niemanden beanspruchten, importierten Geschichten für alle Besucher sichtbar gemacht.
Wenn du keinen Zugang zu dem E-Mail-Account mehr hast, der mit deinen Geschichten im GSSU-Archiv assoziiert ist, bitte kontaktiere Open Doors und wir werden dir aushelfen. (Wenn du deine Geschichten woanders gepostet hast oder sonst beweisen kannst, dass es deine Geschichten sind, dann ist das toll. Wenn nicht, dann werden wir mit der GSSU-Archivarin zusammenarbeiten um deinen Anspruch zu bestätigen.
Wir planen auch zwei öffentliche Chats auf Campfire (der vom OTW benutzten Online Chat Plattform): 19 October 2013 10:00:00 UTC und 26 October 2013 16:00:00 UTC((klick den Link um zu sehen, wann die Chats in deiner Zeitzone stattfinden). Du kannst auf den öffentlichen Diskussions-Chatraum der OTW unter diesem Link zugreifen.
Jeder, der Fragen zu dem Prozess hat, ist eingeladen, an den Chats mit dem Open Doors-Team teilzunehmen, und wir werden unser Bestes tun, um eure Fragen zu beantworten. Wir würden uns auch freuen, wenn Fans daran teilnehmen würden, um in Erinnerungen zu schwelgen und so die Geschichte des GSSU und die Geschichte des deutschsprachigen Fandoms auf Fanlore zu bewahren—man benötigt dafür keine Wiki-Editierkenntnisse! Natürlich, wenn du das Fanlore-Wiki gerne selbständig editieren möchtest, sind deine Beiträge sehr willkommen. <3 (Ist das Editieren eines Wiki neu für dich? Kein Problem, besuche einfach diese Seite.)
Wir freuen uns, bei der Erhaltung eines Teils der Geschichte des deutschsprachigen Fandoms zu helfen, und sind Stolz, das German Speaking Slashers United-Archiv im AO3 willkommen zu heißen!
- Das Open Doors-Team
By Claudia Rebaza on Wednesday, 9 October 2013 - 5:43pmTags:
Hier klicken für die deutsche Fassung
In this post:
- A bit of background explanation
- What this means for creators who have work on GSSU
- And what to do if you still have questions
Bettina, the GSSU (German Speaking Slashers United) moderator, created the archive in 2000 to complement the Querstrich mailing list. While this mailing list still exists, the German-speaking fannish contingent it serves has migrated to other channels like LiveJournal/Dreamwidth, Twitter, Tumblr, etc. Due to this and low posting activity in the last few years, Bettina announced in 2012 that she would be closing the archive. Realising this was a difficult decision for her, and wanting to help preserve an important part of German-Speaking Fandom's history, Open Doors readily agreed to preserve the works on the Archive of Our Own.
In its new home, GSSU will be a separate, searchable collection with its own identity for all of the fan fiction housed on the original archive. We will begin importing works from the GSSU to the AO3 collection in November 2013.
This is the part where we ask for your help!
1. If you already have an AO3 account and have posted your GSSU works there yourself (or would like to do so!), please contact Open Doors or gssuarchivist at gmail dot com with your GSSU pseud(s) and e-mail address(es), so that we won’t import your stories. (We can also e-mail you instructions for bulk-adding stories to the new collection on the AO3: http://archiveofourown.org/collections/GSSU.)
2. If you don’t have an AO3 account but would like one to import your stories yourself, please contact Open Doors or gssuarchivist at gmail dot com with your GSSU pseud(s), and the preferred e-mail address to send the AO3 invite to. (We can e-mail further instructions for importing stories and adding them to the new collection on the AO3: http://archiveofourown.org/collections/GSSU.)
3. If you would NOT like your works moved, please contact Open Doors or gssuarchivist at gmail dot com with your GSSU pseud(s) and e-mail address(es) so that we will not add them. (If you would not mind them being preserved but do not want your name attached to them any longer, please let us know that too; we can orphan your works instead of leaving them behind to be deleted.)
All works imported on a creator’s behalf will be attributed with their name in the summary of the work. As we import works, we will e-mail notifications to the address associated with the work.
All imported works will initially be set to be viewable only by logged-in AO3 users. (Once you claim your works, you can make them publicly-viewable if you choose.) After 3 months, unclaimed imported works will be made visible to all visitors.
If you no longer have access to the email account associated with your works on GSSU, please contact Open Doors and we'll help you out. (If you've posted the stories elsewhere, or have an easy way to verify that they're yours, that's great; if not, we will work with the GSSU archivist to confirm your claims.)
We're also planning to hold two public chats on Campfire (the online chat platform the OTW uses): 19 October 2013 at 10:00:00 UTC, and 26 October 2013 at 16:00:00 UTC (click the links to see when the chats are held in your timezone). You can access OTW's public discussion chatroom using this link.
Anyone who has questions about the process is welcome to join the Open Doors team at those chats, and we’ll do our best to answer you. We'd also love it if fans could stop by to reminisce and help us preserve the story of GSSU and the history of German-Speaking Fandom on Fanlore--no wiki editing skills needed! Of course, if you would like to edit on your own, your contributions would be very welcome. <3 (New to wiki editing? No worries, just visit this page.)
We're delighted to help preserve this slice of German-speaking fandom history, and proudly welcome the German Speaking Slashers United archive to the AO3!
- The Open Doors team
By Claudia Rebaza on Thursday, 3 October 2013 - 4:44pm
The OTW's Legal Advocacy project has stood up for fans' rights to create and share, helping individual fans with legal questions and making fans' collective voices heard in court cases.
Recently, our Legal Committee asked for fans to help by providing either media stories or personal stories of takedown requests and actions that have made fans hesitant to create or share fanworks.
Your help is needed again! The U.S. National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) and the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) are seeking public comments on copyright policy issues, including the legal framework for the creation of remixes. The window for these submissions is short -- they must be in by October 14, so we need to act now.
The Legal Committee is thus looking for stories of how fandom has helped fans in day-to-day life. We need you to share your individual stories with concrete examples. For example, perhaps being in fandom has helped you to learn a language, helped you in school, or helped you improve skills that you use elsewhere — skills such as writing, video editing, coding websites, audio editing, or anything else. We don't need personal information from you, but the more specific the story, the better.
Our attorneys will use your stories to explain to these agencies, which are likely to propose new legislation about copyright, why any change in copyright law should favor freedom to make transformative works. We succeeded before with the DMCA remix exemptions, but only because we were able to share specific stories from vidders. Now we need stories of all kinds.
We also need them soon! Please provide us with your stories by October 10, as our team needs time to work with them before the submission deadline of the 14th.
To submit your story, please use the Legal Committee's contact form.
And if the OTW's legal advocacy work is important to you, please consider making a donation to support our ongoing efforts. Thank you!
By Claudia Rebaza on Sunday, 22 September 2013 - 5:42pmTags:
The OTW's Legal Advocacy project engages in legal cases and responds to fan requests that involve matters of U.S. copyright and fans' rights to engage in fan practices such as creating fanworks.
But now our Legal Committee needs your help. We are helping with some (confidential, for now) court filings and would like to use the following information to help the drafters shape the arguments. We might possibly include fans' stories of facing legal difficulties, but would only do that with express permission from the fan.
What we need is the following:
(1) DMCA take-downs. We'd like to hear from fans who have received DMCA takedown requests for their transformative fanworks and have had to decide whether to counter-notify that their fanworks are fair use and therefore don't violate copyright law. We'd like to hear what they decided to do, why they made that decision, and what the outcome was for them.
(2) Fans who’ve been told that their transformative fanworks violate someone’s rights of publicity, or who have considered rights of publicity in deciding whether or not to make a fanwork. We're particularly interested in published accounts about the relationship between fandom and rights of publicity.
In both cases, all communications will remain entirely confidential. We won't tell anyone's story or use anyone's name (or pseudonym) without their express permission. But we want to make contact with people who have faced these situations -- their stories will help us make legal arguments that, we hope, will prevent future challenges and take-downs of fans and fanworks.
If you have experienced either of these two things, or encountered news items about either of them, please contact Legal. If you know of someone who has experienced a DMCA takedown request, please direct them to this post. We need to hear from people by October 11. Thanks for your help!
By Claudia Rebaza on Wednesday, 18 September 2013 - 5:10pmTags:
The Category Change Workgroup is excited to share its proposal changing the way fandoms are categorised on the Archive, and we are looking for your feedback!
Our goal is to change the current fandom categories into something that balances complex, sometimes competing, factors such as diverse fannish traditions, user behavior (current and potential), and ease of browsing. You can read about the concerns that brought the workgroup into existence and some more information on the workgroup in our introductory post.
Right now fandoms on the archive are sorted into media categories - Anne of Green Gables - L. M. Montgomery can be found under Books & Literature for example, and fandoms that fall under multiple categories are listed under multiple categories.
Under the proposed system, media categories are one of three attributes that fandoms will be sorted by and browsable under. The other two attributes are country of origin and source language. Anne of Green Gables - L. M. Montgomery would have the attributes Canada and English. Like with the current media categories, fandoms will be able to have more than one country or language. The guidelines for how the country and language attributes are assigned to fandoms will be made by the Tag Wrangling Committee. Continue reading and comment on AO3
By Claudia Rebaza on Sunday, 15 September 2013 - 8:41pm
Transformative Works and Cultures (TWC) today released general issue No. 14. The Open Access Gold online multimedia journal has collected scholarly essays, personal essays, and book reviews that seek to bridge fan and academic writers and readers. TWC is published under the umbrella of the nonprofit fan advocacy group Organization for Transformative Works.
This issue will celebrate the anniversary of TWC’s founding issue in September 2008. Looking over their five years, general editors Kristina Busse and Karen Hellekson describe how the journal has expanded in focus and responded to changes within fan cultures and fan studies alike. They describe how how the issue “indicates our own expansion to include ever-wider arenas in which fans engage even as we remain focused on the communities and activities that gave rise to this discipline and to this journal in the first place.”
The essays in this issue range from the past to the future, from focus on specific fan engagements and fandoms to general Internet structures and linguistics. Juli J. Parrish's "Metaphors We Read By: People, Process, and Fan Fiction" and Simon Lindgren’s "Sub*culture: Exploring the Dynamics of a Networked Public" looks for useful model to describe fan communities while Craig Norris and Lori Hitchcock Morimoto look at international media reception and fan tourism. Finally, Emily Regan Wills and Kevin Veale study particular aspects of large fandoms, The X-Files and My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic respectively. In all the essays, the relationships among fans, fandom, and the fannish objects are central as is the awareness of geographic and temporal differences.
The Symposium section allows fans and academics to offer shorter ideas and readings. Here the journal offers two personal responses: Whitney Philips describes her enjoyment and investment in Troll 2 and Shannon K. Farley looks over her personal scholarly history to establish the connection between fan fiction and translation studies. Mel Stanfill and Katherine E. Morrissey address recent fannish debates, especially in the wake of the Kindle Worlds announcement, to discuss the role of artistic and communal ownership and the definitions of fan and fan works themselves.
The issue concludes with the reviews of three important books, Accordingly, we include in this issue Melissa Click's review of Henry Jenkins, Sam Ford, and Joshua Green's Spreadable Media, Josh Johnson's review of Patricia Aufderheide and Peter Jaszi’s Reclaiming Fair Use, and Amanda Retartha's review of Anne Morey's important Twilight collection Genre, Reception, and Adaption in the Twilight Series.
For 2014, TWC has planned two themed issues, "Fandom and/as Labor" (guest edited by Mel Stanfill and Megan Condis) and "Materiality and Object-Oriented Fandom" (guest edited by Bob Rehak), as well as No. 17, a general nonthemed issue slated to appear September 15, 2014.
By Claudia Rebaza on Wednesday, 28 August 2013 - 3:49pm
At the start of 2013 we posted about the AO3's growth in 2012. Those numbers showed new milestones in total works, total fandoms, total collections, total Support tickets answered, and total account users.
At the time we said, "While we still have a large body of users awaiting accounts, currently around 10,000, this is down significantly from the 30,000+ that we saw through the latter half of 2012, and we hope to decrease the wait further in 2013. It seems likely that Archive use will continue growing strongly this year, possibly even repeating 2012's feat of more than doubling its user base."
And it has! As of yesterday the Archive passed 200,000 users. By March the wait for an account dropped to 24-48 hours and we've been averaging about 500 new users a day.
For those who are feeling nostalgic, you may want to take a look back at a post recapping the AO3's first year in open beta.
When we entered Open Beta on 15 November 2009 we had:
- 347 users
- 668 fandoms
- 6565 works
The site went through a 3000% increase in users that first year and an equally phenomenal jump in content. Yet today we gain more users each day than we started with in 2009.
Visitors from Everywhere!
While account holder statistics are good to know, there are many more people using AO3 than currently have accounts. Whether this is because they're random visitors, casual users, or don't find the benefits of an account appealing, we still have some clues that they're stopping by. For example, in the month of July the AO3 served pages to 3,663,572 unique IP addresses. So even if everyone with an account was using 5 different locations to access us, that's an awful lot of non-account visitors!
Another clue comes from the amount of bandwidth we're using. From just over 5 terabytes served in January we used 7.9 in July. If that pace keeps up we'll have doubled our use this year.
We've also been able to see the many countries that people are clicking in from. We've counted over 60 countries with simultaneous user activity over the past several months (including Denmark, Kenya, Jordan, Cambodia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Uruguay, just to name a few at random), and many more with at least a handful of visitors this year.
Technology Old and New
We also took note of browser usage among our users and have shown the top 20 in the graph below. In the month of July this ranged from 43.5 pages per minute being served to a Windows IE 8 browser to 533 per minute being served to Windows Chrome 28.
Users Doing Stuff!
Here's a quick look at the growth in certain actions on the site.
The number of users we've watched grow over the years is dwarfed by the much larger amount of commenting and bookmarking activity. In the chart below the red line below barely seems to increase compared to the growth in commenting activity this year (green line).
Because the scale of growth is so different for these two actions we can also look at actual numbers taken from the graph below. Comment growth has been somewhat less than that of bookmarking (yellow line). In July there were 299,849 comments left and 438,746 bookmarks added. But both are far less than the growth of kudos (orange line) which is often used by people who don't have accounts or aren't logged in. There were 1,544,028 kudos given in July 2013 alone.
We welcome all our new users, whether they use an account or not, and hope that they enjoy their time on the site! If you're hesitant to get an account because of long wait times, don't forget that our automated invites should arrive within two days of your request. If you don't see it, please check your spam folder and make sure that @archiveofourown.org is whitelisted.
By Claudia Rebaza on Tuesday, 27 August 2013 - 3:41pm
Back in 2011, legislation was introduced in the U.S. House of Representatives that targeted "piracy" of copyrighted works. These were known as SOPA and its U.S. Senate counterpart, PIPA. The OTW has written about the issue several times. Thanks to activism on the part of Internet users and the participation of various large, well known online sites, the legislation was shelved.
Recently concern has emerged among fan communities that the legislation is back and will result in radical changes in how fans will be able to create and share fanworks. While it's wise for fans to be vigilant in protecting their rights, it's also important to avoid misinformation.
The current alarm seems to be in response to a paper published by the U.S. Commerce Department earlier this summer. In this paper they have asked Congress to amend the Copyright Act itself to make it a felony to reproduce or distribute at least 10 or more copies of copyrighted works with a total retail value of at least $2,500. In other words, their stated intention is to match up aspects of 20+ year-old laws to make them more consistent with each other when applied to downloading and streaming. Whether that’s a good idea or not is outside the OTW's focus on fanworks, because streaming of fanworks would still be protected under Fair Use as transformative works. To be clear, the revision proposed by the Commerce Department may have been included as part of SOPA, but nowhere in the recent Commerce Department paper did they ask Congress to bring back SOPA wholesale, with its broader provisions about blocking websites.
Only the U.S. Congress can create legislation by writing a bill; the Commerce Department is an administrative body and it can’t make something a felony, although it can influence legislation in various ways, including through the U.S. Trade Representative's negotiations with other countries. Assuming that legislation was written and brought before congressional committees, there would be an opportunity for anti-SOPA forces to weigh in. Further, if this particular Commerce Department proposal did become law, it would have no direct impact on fanworks or transformative works because of the fair use provisions of the Copyright Act.
To be clear, the provision proposed by the Commerce Department could have some impact on fandom activities. If it were to become law it could affect, for example, live group viewings of TV shows or films through unlicensed sites. It could also potentially affect whether certain websites implemented screening mechanisms that didn't allow for fair use, though other aspects of copyright law are likely to be much more important than a change in criminal penalties. But even if the proposed law were enacted, it wouldn't have any direct impact on transformative fanworks like those hosted by the AO3. Such works aren't, and wouldn't become, actionable infringement because “fair use [including in a transformative work] is a lawful use of copyright.”
If you have questions about legal matters related to fanworks and fan activities, you can always send a message to the OTW's legal team (and thank you to those who alerted us to this matter!); please get in touch with us if you see statements that a certain proposal or piece of legislation would force the OTW and/or AO3 to shut down. We are advocates for and about fandom, and we will protect fans' rights to be creative and share their creativity noncommercially, and work to stop or overturn any laws that would block fans from doing so. You can also subscribe to OTW News through the platform of your choice to stay informed.