• Options for Hosting Streaming Video

    Av Kristen Murphy på tisdagen, 20 september 2011 - 3:08pm

    Until the OTW launches the Torrent of Our Own or another full hosting option, fan video makers will need to host their vids somewhere else, though we hope that all fan video creators will choose to create stable (and searchable) shell pages for their works at the Archive of Our Own.

    Below are some suggestions (and evaluations) of the various hosting options currently available. Please note that these are the compiled opinions of fans and represent the best of our knowledge at the current time; circumstances may chance and opinions may vary. If you have additional information about any of these sites or would like us to add another site to the list, please contact us.

    1. Host and Stream from your Own Site

    Useful Info/Directions: How to stream from your own site

    Positives: You have control over your own works.

    Negatives: 1) Having your own site can be costly, particularly if a video goes viral. 2) Videos streamed from individual sites are currently not allowed to be embedded at the AO3 for security reasons. 3) Hosting on your own site may make it difficult for others to find your vids. However, you can always post your video's download links and notes about it to a works page on the Archive of Our Own.

    2. Critical Commons

    Useful Info/Directions: How to get and use an advanced user account at Critical Commons

    Positives: Critical Commons is a nonprofit site that explicitly welcomes fans and supports fair use. It also offers high quality downloads as well as streaming and embeds.

    Negatives: Historically a site for film and media professors, fans may find its interface unfannish and difficult to use. You also have to apply for advanced user status to be able to use all the site's features; fan-friendly instructions for applying for "advanced user" status and using the site are provided at the link above.

    3. YouTube

    Useful Info/Directions: How to Dispute A Takedown

    Positives: Still the best known video hosting and streaming site, YouTube provides high quality video and a variety of features for users.

    Negatives: As YouTube's "Copyright School" video shows, the site is still biased towards corporations and against fair users. YouTube is also known for prohibiting uploads as well as for its many takedowns. As the best known commercial video site, YouTube gets more Cease and Desist requests than anywhere else. Videos hosted there typically have banner ads on them and may be linked to other advertisements for related products. Some content is blocked in various countries, including Germany, UK, France, Argentina, and Turkey.

    4. Vimeo

    Useful Info/Directions: Vimeo FAQ

    Positives: Vimeo offers good quality, and up to 500MB of uploaded video per week for free members. Many fans also appreciate the security controls the site offers (public, private, contact only, password protected).

    Negatives: According to Wikipedia, blocked in: China, Thailand, Tunisia, Vietnam, Iran. They are also known to be "twitchy" when it comes to cancelling accounts, so many users feel a lack of security.


    Useful Info/Directions: FAQ about archiving video at

    Positives: The Internet Archive is another nonprofit dedicated to preserving internet history and providing universal access to these materials. Users can release their work under a number of Creative Commons licenses. It also allows users to download as well as stream and embed video.

    Negatives: Because of limited bandwidth, converts uploaded files into very small sizes and so streaming is often low-quality and pixelated. Downloaded video is of a higher quality. The site is stable but often slow.

    6. Dailymotion

    Useful Info/Directions: Dailymotion FAQ

    Positives: An increasingly popular site, Dailymotion provides decent levels of internet exposure if you want people to see your work.

    Negatives: Video quality is mediocre. The site also doesn't allow .mov files.

    7. Vidders

    Useful Info/Directions: Membership is mandatory: free for watchers and users uploading 1-5 videos; users can subscribe to add more.

    Positives: Billing itself as "the ultimate vidding community," has many social networking features as well as an elaborate tagging system (fandom, ship, character, music, genre...). The site feels community-oriented and safe; videos are relatively high quality. Updated info: Vidders now reports that vids can be embedded by all members; Vidders is also a whitelisted site at the A03, so members can also easily embed vids there. Members can sign in using Facebook, Twitter, Yahoo, or Google/YouTube logins.

    Negatives: Members only; nonmembers can't watch vids on the site without logging in. also censors vids for some content because of their hosts' TOS.

    8. DivShare

    Useful Info/Directions: Free accounts give 5GB if storage, 50GB of usage.

    Positives: One fan notes that the storage and usage for free members might be too little for a very popular vidder but for most users it's fine. So far there are no reports of deletions, even when users haven't logged in regularly. Uploading is easy and vids can be streamed and viewed online.

    Negatives: There are ads, popovers when you log in and then sidebar ads.

  • Links Roundup for 24 August 2011

    Av Claudia Rebaza på onsdagen, 24 augusti 2011 - 7:51pm

    Here’s a roundup of stories about how companies are looking at fan-made videos that might be of interest:

    • Rebecca Tushnet, chair of the OTW's Legal Committee, was quoted in the Wall Street Journal's Tech Diary column on the growing atmosphere of acceptance of video mashups and the marketing possibilities they present for companies and their products. She noted, however, that acceptance is coming more quickly from the film and television industries than the music industry. This suggests that fans making music vids are likely to continue having to assert and defend the "fair use" status of their work.
    • Another recent news item highlighted an example of the phenomenon Tushnet discussed, when Variety explored the responses of copyright holders to fan use of their material. In this case, the article cites the positive attitude of Hasbro to the many mashups of My Little Pony done by a group of mostly male fans referred to as "bronies." While Hasbro's attitude is made clear, there's no mention of how the music copyright holders see the use of their songs in these "trackjacking" videos. Also lacking from the article is any acknowledgement that this type of fan video has a historical context, or that it falls creatively close to a tradition of work by primarily female fans.

    If you're part of the My Little Pony fandom, create trackjacking videos, or know any stories you can share to help preserve our history related to these topics, why not create some posts on Fanlore? Fanlore is open to contributions by all fans for any and all fandoms.

    We want your suggestions! If you know of an essay, video, article, event, or link you think we should know about, comment on the most recent Links Roundup — on, LJ, or DW — or give @OTW_News a shoutout on Twitter. Links are welcome in all languages!

    Submitting a link doesn't guarantee that it will be included in a roundup post, and inclusion of a link doesn't mean that it is endorsed by the OTW.

  • Fair Use School

    Av .fcoppa på fredagen, 15 juli 2011 - 5:27pm

    Kudos to Patrick McKay for winning Public Knowledge's "Copyright School" Video Challenge, a contest that asked remixers to come up with a more balanced education video than YouTube's "Copyright School" (which, notoriously, featured a squirrel in a pirate hat.) You can see the video here:

  • Copyright School Video Challenge!

    Av .fcoppa på fredagen, 22 april 2011 - 5:59pm

    Calling all vidders and remix artists! Public Knowledge is holding a Copyright School Video Challenge: to explain what you can and can't do under fair use better than YouTube's "copyright school", which has been criticized for focusing more on the CAN'T than on the CAN. As Public Knowledge explains, "While 'Copyright School' does a great job of telling you what you can't do with copyrighted content, it does a very poor job of telling you what you can do with copyrighted content--namely, remix, reuse and repurpose it without permission from the rightsholder as allowed under the doctirine of fair use." The winning video will get a $1000 prize and be featured on the Public Knowledge website. Judges include political remixers Jonathan McIntosh and Elisa Kreisinger, activist and scholar Brian Rowe, and Kirby Ferguson, director of the web series Everything is a Remix.

    You can find out more at and at (Important: the challenge deadline is May 23, 2011!)

  • Fanivideot ja multimedia

    Av .Helka Lantto på måndagen, 27 december 2010 - 4:57pm

    Fanien luomien multimediateosten kirjo on laaja: fanitaidetta, fanivideoita, animemusiikkivideoita, kantaa ottavia remiksejä, fanielokuvia, fanitrailereita, machinimaa, podfikkejä ja äänikirjoja, ja niin edelleen. OTW (Transformatiivisten teosten järjestö) on sitoutunut pitämään nämä teokset fanien ulottuvilla ja säilyttämään niiden historian. Fanivideo- ja multimediaprojektiemme tarkoitus on tarjota tietoa ja resursseja koko fanivideoyhteisölle ja myös selittää näitä teoksia ja selventää niiden kontekstia muulle maailmalle.

    Fan Video Roadmap (Fanivideoprojektin kehityssuunnitelma)

    Fan Video Roadmap (Fanivideoprojektin kehityssuunnitelma) esittelee OTW:n tulevia ominaisuuksia ja palveluita, mukaan lukien suunnitelmamme tehdä mahdolliseksi videomateriaalin sisällyttäminen Archive of Our Own – AO3 -sivustolle (Oma Arkisto).

    Resursseja fanivideoiden tekijöille

    Seuraavat sivut sisältävät tietoa, josta toivomme olevan hyötyä fanivideoiden tekijöille. Jos sinulla on ehdotuksia sivuista, joita meidän kannattaisi lisätä, uusia ehdotuksia taikka korjauksia olemassa oleviin sivuihin, ota meihin yhteyttä.

    Resursseja fanivideoiden tutkijoille

    • Julkaisuluettelo fanivideoista: ylläpidetään Zoterossa ja päivitetään kahdesti vuodessa. Viimeisin vienti: 28. marraskuuta 2013.
    • Faniteosten tyyliohje: kuinka viitata fanivideoihin (ja muihin tieteelliisiin teoksiin) akateemisessa yhteydessä.
    • Vidding (2008), OTW:n tuottama dokumentti MIT:n New Media Literacy -projektille.
    • Vidding Documentary (2011), tekijä: Abigail Christensen
    • Multimediateosten tieteellinen arkisto (tulossa): Kirjasto tieteellisistä artikkeleista jotka käsittelevät fanivideoita. Haluamme myös tarjota julkaisua suunnitteleville tutkijoille vakaan lähdearkiston, jotta tulevilla artikkeleilla ja kirjoilla on pysyvät viitteet.

    Vidding History (Fanivideoiden historia) -projektit

    OTW:llä on tällä hetkellä laki- ja tieteellistä osaamista näytellyn median fanivideoiden tekemisestä. Fanivideoiden historia -projektin tarkoituksena on tuottaa palveluja fanivideoyhteisölle, sekä selittää fanivideoita ja tarjota niille asiayhteys muulle maailmalle. Projekteihimme kuuluvat tällä hetkellä: Fanivideoiden suullinen historia -projekti, Test Suite of Fair Use Vids (Fanivideoiden kohtuullisen käytön ennakkotapaukset), and Vidding (2008), OTW:n tuottama dokumentti MIT:n New Media Literacy -projektille. Myös suuri osa OTW:n oikeusneuvontaan liittyvästä työstä on liittynyt fanivideoihin; lisätietoa tästä löydät Legal Advocacy (Fanien oikeuksien ajaminen) -sivulta.

    The Dark Archive (Pimeä arkisto)

    Pimeän arkiston tavoitteena on säilyttää ja suojella fanivideoita; tämä arkisto ei tule olemaan internetissä tai yleisesti käytettävissä. Lisätietoja löydät Fanivideoprojektin kehityssuunnitelma -sivulta.

    A Torrent of Our Own (Oma Torrent)

    A Torrent of Our Own (Oma Torrent) tulee olemaan yksityinen seurantapalvelin fair use -käytännön mukaisille transformatiivisille faniteoksille, mukaan lukien: fanivideot, fanifiktiotrailerit, fanitaide, PDF-muotoiset zinet, AMV:t, kantaa ottavat remiksit, machinima, ja muut transformatiiviset digitaaliset faniteokset. Lisätietoja löydät Fanivideoprojektin kehityssuunnitelma -sivulta.

  • AMVs: DIY 2010

    Av .fcoppa på onsdagen, 15 december 2010 - 9:59pm

    Part One and Part Two of the anime music video show curated by Tim Park (aka Doki Doki) for DIY 2010 is up at Henry Jenkins's blog.

  • DIY 2010 Parts III and IV

    Av .fcoppa på torsdagen, 2 december 2010 - 2:56pm

    The third and fourth parts of the Vidding section of the DIY 2010 show - featuring interviews with vidders Giandujakiss, Flummery, Counteragent, and kiki_miserychic - are now available at Henry Jenkins' blog. For your reference, links to all four sections are below.

    Vids: Part One
    Vids: Part Two
    Vidder Interviews with Giandujakiss and Flummery: Part Three
    Vidder Interviews with Counteragent and kiki_miserychic: Part Four

  • Nueva ley de derechos de autor probablemente reforzará la protección de los trabajos de fans y de la cultura del remezclado en Brasil

    Av .Helka Lantto på söndagen, 28 november 2010 - 8:43pm

    (Por favor nota que muchos de los links llevan a páginas de internet en portugués brasileño.)

    Una ley revisada de derechos de autor que se presentará ante el Congreso Nacional de Brasil en los próximos meses proveerá, si es ratificada en su forma actual, protección explícita contra acciones de los dueños de derechos de autor para las obras transformativas. La ley también haría legal para los fans romper las protecciones DRM si están usando el contenido en formas transformativas.

    Brasil ya tiene una posición implícita más generosa que muchos países respecto al ‘uso justo’ en su régimen de derechos de autor. Permite el uso de cortas citas de una obra en cualquier contexto (no sólo con el propósito de educar o criticar) que no ponga en riesgo la explotación comercial normal de la obra. El ítem VIII del Artículo 46 del borrador de la ley tiene como objetivo expresar más claramente esta exención para ‘usos transformativos’ de partes una obra. Además, una cláusula general en el Artículo 46, diseñada en parte para asegurar la ley contra el desarrollo de nuevas tecnologías, permite que se use el material protegido por derechos de autor como “recurso creativo” ("uso como recurso criativo").

    El Artículo 107 del borrador actual de la ley también hace legal el romper la protección DRM cuando ésta impediría el uso de obras protegidas en las formas presentadas en el Artículo 46. En otras palabras, la ley aparentemente permite romper las protecciones DRM para usos transformativos tales como la creación de fanvids. Esto es consistente con la práctica vigente en las cortes brasileñas de aplicación de fuertes penalizaciones para aquellos dueños de derechos que tomen medidas para prevenir el “manejo justo” o “uso justo”.

    Esta ley reemplazará a la legislación aprobada en 1998 y está diseñada
    para tratar el impacto del desarrollo de la tecnología desde los 90s y expresada de tal forma que las cortes puedan aplicarla a tecnologías futuras no cubiertas específicamente en sus artículos. En contraste con el sigilo que ha rodeado las negociaciones sobre la propuesta internacional Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA), el texto del borrador de esta ley fue compilado después de un período de consulta pública que se llevó a cabo durante varios meses.

  • Neues Urheberrecht verbessert voraussichtlich den Schutz von Fanwerken und Remix-Kultur in Brasilien

    Av .Helka Lantto på söndagen, 28 november 2010 - 8:41pm

    (Anmerkung: viele der Links führen zu Seiten in brasilianischem Portugiesisch.)

    Ein überarbeitetes Urheberrecht, das in den nächsten Monaten dem brasilianischen Nationalkongress vorgelegt werden soll, wird transformativen Werken einen expliziteren Schutz vor der Anfechtung durch Rechteinhaber gewähren, falls es in seiner jetzigen Form verabschiedet wird. Durch das Gesetz sollte es außerdem legal für Fans werden, den Kopierschutz (Digital Rights Management - DRM) zu umgehen, wenn das der Erstellung transformativer Werke dient.

    Brasiliens Haltung bei Einschränkungen zum Urheberrecht ist schon jetzt weniger streng als die vieler anderer Länder. Es erlaubt die Verwendung kurzer Auszüge eines Werkes in jedem Zusammenhang (nicht nur für Erziehungszwecke und Kritik), der die normale kommerzielle Nutzung des Werkes nicht gefährdet. Artikel 46 Abschnitt VIII des Gesetzentwurfes zielt darauf ab, diese Ausnahme für “transformative Nutzungsarten” von Teilen eines Werkes deutlicher zu machen. Dazu kommt, dass eine allgemeine Klausel in Artikel 46, die zum Teil dafür gedacht ist, das Gesetz für zukünftige Technologien anwendbar zu machen, die Nutzung von geschütztem Material als “kreative Quelle” (“uso como recurso criativo”) erlaubt.

    Artikel 107 des aktuellen Gesetzentwurfs macht es legal, einen Kopierschutz zu umgehen, falls dieser eine in Artikel 46 beschriebene Nutzung verhindert. Mit anderen Worten: Es scheint so, als erlaube das Gesetz das Umgehen von Kopierschutz für die Schaffung transformativer Werke wie Fanvids. Dies stimmt mit der bestehenden brasilianischen Rechtspraxis überein, nach der Rechteinhabern hohe Strafen drohen, wenn sie erlaubte Nutzung geistigen Eigentums unterbinden.

    Das Gesetz, das eines aus dem Jahr 1998 ersetzt, soll die technischen Entwicklungen seit den 1990ern mit berücksichtigen. Es wurde so formuliert, dass Gerichte es auch auf zukünftige Technologien anwenden können, die in den Artikeln nicht speziell angesprochen werden. Im Gegensatz zu der Geheimhaltung im Zusammenhang mit den Verhandlungen über das vorgeschlagene internationale Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) wurde der Text des Gesetzentwurfs nach einer Phase öffentlicher Anhörungen zusammengestellt, die sich über mehrere Monate erstreckte.

  • New copyright law likely to strengthen protection for fanworks and remix culture in Brazil

    Av .Helka Lantto på söndagen, 28 november 2010 - 8:39pm

    Written by Tanaqui

    (Please note that many of the links lead to web pages in Brazilian Portuguese.)

    A revised copyright law to be put before Brazil's National Congress in the next few months will, if passed in its current form, provide more explicit protection from action by copyright holders for transformative works. The law should also make it legal for fans to break Digital Rights Management (DRM) locks if they are using the DRM-protected content in transformative ways.

    Brazil already implicitly takes a more generous approach to "fair dealing" in its copyright regime than many countries. It allows use of short extracts of a work in any context (not just for for education or critique purposes) that does not jeopardise normal commercial exploitation of the work. Item VIII of Article 46 of the draft law aims to express this exemption for "transformative uses" of parts of a work more clearly. In addition, a general clause in Article 46, designed in part to futureproof the law against new technological developments, allows for copyright material to be used as a "creative resource" ("uso como recurso criativo").

    Article 107 of the current draft of the law also makes it legal to break DRM locks when they would prevent use of the DRM-protected work in one of the ways laid out in Article 46. In other words, the law appears to allow for DRM to be broken for transformative uses such as creation of fanvids. This is consistent with the Brazilian courts' existing practice of levying heavy penalties on rights holders who take measures to prevent "fair dealing" or "fair use".

    The law will replace legislation passed in 1998 and is designed to address the impact of developments in technology since the 1990s and worded so that the courts can apply it to future technologies not specifically covered in its articles. In contrast to the secrecy that has surrounded negotiations over the proposed international Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA), the text of the draft law was compiled after a period of public consultation lasting several months.


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