Fanvideo

  • Nueva ley de derechos de autor probablemente reforzará la protección de los trabajos de fans y de la cultura del remezclado en Brasil

    Av .Helka Lantto på söndagen, 28 november 2010 - 8:43pm
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    (Por favor nota que muchos de los links llevan a páginas de internet en portugués brasileño.)

    Una ley revisada de derechos de autor que se presentará ante el Congreso Nacional de Brasil en los próximos meses proveerá, si es ratificada en su forma actual, protección explícita contra acciones de los dueños de derechos de autor para las obras transformativas. La ley también haría legal para los fans romper las protecciones DRM si están usando el contenido en formas transformativas.

    Brasil ya tiene una posición implícita más generosa que muchos países respecto al ‘uso justo’ en su régimen de derechos de autor. Permite el uso de cortas citas de una obra en cualquier contexto (no sólo con el propósito de educar o criticar) que no ponga en riesgo la explotación comercial normal de la obra. El ítem VIII del Artículo 46 del borrador de la ley tiene como objetivo expresar más claramente esta exención para ‘usos transformativos’ de partes una obra. Además, una cláusula general en el Artículo 46, diseñada en parte para asegurar la ley contra el desarrollo de nuevas tecnologías, permite que se use el material protegido por derechos de autor como “recurso creativo” ("uso como recurso criativo").

    El Artículo 107 del borrador actual de la ley también hace legal el romper la protección DRM cuando ésta impediría el uso de obras protegidas en las formas presentadas en el Artículo 46. En otras palabras, la ley aparentemente permite romper las protecciones DRM para usos transformativos tales como la creación de fanvids. Esto es consistente con la práctica vigente en las cortes brasileñas de aplicación de fuertes penalizaciones para aquellos dueños de derechos que tomen medidas para prevenir el “manejo justo” o “uso justo”.

    Esta ley reemplazará a la legislación aprobada en 1998 y está diseñada
    para tratar el impacto del desarrollo de la tecnología desde los 90s y expresada de tal forma que las cortes puedan aplicarla a tecnologías futuras no cubiertas específicamente en sus artículos. En contraste con el sigilo que ha rodeado las negociaciones sobre la propuesta internacional Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA), el texto del borrador de esta ley fue compilado después de un período de consulta pública que se llevó a cabo durante varios meses.

  • Neues Urheberrecht verbessert voraussichtlich den Schutz von Fanwerken und Remix-Kultur in Brasilien

    Av .Helka Lantto på söndagen, 28 november 2010 - 8:41pm
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    (Anmerkung: viele der Links führen zu Seiten in brasilianischem Portugiesisch.)

    Ein überarbeitetes Urheberrecht, das in den nächsten Monaten dem brasilianischen Nationalkongress vorgelegt werden soll, wird transformativen Werken einen expliziteren Schutz vor der Anfechtung durch Rechteinhaber gewähren, falls es in seiner jetzigen Form verabschiedet wird. Durch das Gesetz sollte es außerdem legal für Fans werden, den Kopierschutz (Digital Rights Management - DRM) zu umgehen, wenn das der Erstellung transformativer Werke dient.

    Brasiliens Haltung bei Einschränkungen zum Urheberrecht ist schon jetzt weniger streng als die vieler anderer Länder. Es erlaubt die Verwendung kurzer Auszüge eines Werkes in jedem Zusammenhang (nicht nur für Erziehungszwecke und Kritik), der die normale kommerzielle Nutzung des Werkes nicht gefährdet. Artikel 46 Abschnitt VIII des Gesetzentwurfes zielt darauf ab, diese Ausnahme für “transformative Nutzungsarten” von Teilen eines Werkes deutlicher zu machen. Dazu kommt, dass eine allgemeine Klausel in Artikel 46, die zum Teil dafür gedacht ist, das Gesetz für zukünftige Technologien anwendbar zu machen, die Nutzung von geschütztem Material als “kreative Quelle” (“uso como recurso criativo”) erlaubt.

    Artikel 107 des aktuellen Gesetzentwurfs macht es legal, einen Kopierschutz zu umgehen, falls dieser eine in Artikel 46 beschriebene Nutzung verhindert. Mit anderen Worten: Es scheint so, als erlaube das Gesetz das Umgehen von Kopierschutz für die Schaffung transformativer Werke wie Fanvids. Dies stimmt mit der bestehenden brasilianischen Rechtspraxis überein, nach der Rechteinhabern hohe Strafen drohen, wenn sie erlaubte Nutzung geistigen Eigentums unterbinden.

    Das Gesetz, das eines aus dem Jahr 1998 ersetzt, soll die technischen Entwicklungen seit den 1990ern mit berücksichtigen. Es wurde so formuliert, dass Gerichte es auch auf zukünftige Technologien anwenden können, die in den Artikeln nicht speziell angesprochen werden. Im Gegensatz zu der Geheimhaltung im Zusammenhang mit den Verhandlungen über das vorgeschlagene internationale Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) wurde der Text des Gesetzentwurfs nach einer Phase öffentlicher Anhörungen zusammengestellt, die sich über mehrere Monate erstreckte.

  • New copyright law likely to strengthen protection for fanworks and remix culture in Brazil

    Av .Helka Lantto på söndagen, 28 november 2010 - 8:39pm
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    Written by Tanaqui

    (Please note that many of the links lead to web pages in Brazilian Portuguese.)

    A revised copyright law to be put before Brazil's National Congress in the next few months will, if passed in its current form, provide more explicit protection from action by copyright holders for transformative works. The law should also make it legal for fans to break Digital Rights Management (DRM) locks if they are using the DRM-protected content in transformative ways.

    Brazil already implicitly takes a more generous approach to "fair dealing" in its copyright regime than many countries. It allows use of short extracts of a work in any context (not just for for education or critique purposes) that does not jeopardise normal commercial exploitation of the work. Item VIII of Article 46 of the draft law aims to express this exemption for "transformative uses" of parts of a work more clearly. In addition, a general clause in Article 46, designed in part to futureproof the law against new technological developments, allows for copyright material to be used as a "creative resource" ("uso como recurso criativo").

    Article 107 of the current draft of the law also makes it legal to break DRM locks when they would prevent use of the DRM-protected work in one of the ways laid out in Article 46. In other words, the law appears to allow for DRM to be broken for transformative uses such as creation of fanvids. This is consistent with the Brazilian courts' existing practice of levying heavy penalties on rights holders who take measures to prevent "fair dealing" or "fair use".

    The law will replace legislation passed in 1998 and is designed to address the impact of developments in technology since the 1990s and worded so that the courts can apply it to future technologies not specifically covered in its articles. In contrast to the secrecy that has surrounded negotiations over the proposed international Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA), the text of the draft law was compiled after a period of public consultation lasting several months.

  • 2010 DIY: Vidding Part II

    Av .fcoppa på söndagen, 28 november 2010 - 7:45pm
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    Part Two of the fan vidding segment of the 2010 DIY show is now available at Henry Jenkins' blog.

  • DIY Media 2010: Fan Vids

    Av .fcoppa på onsdagen, 24 november 2010 - 7:01pm
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    Oh and P.S. - Part One of the fan vidding segment of the 2010 DIY show is now available at Henry Jenkins' blog.

  • Jonathan McIntosh Talks About Fan Vidding

    Av .fcoppa på fredagen, 19 november 2010 - 6:00pm
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    Political remix artist Jonathan McIntosh, in an interview with Henry Jenkins done as part of an exhibition of DIY video currently ongoing at Henry's blog, discusses what he's learned from fan vidders and how its affected his political remix work.

    (Vidding will be featured next week, so stay tuned.)

  • October Drive - Celebrating our Vidding Roadmap!

    Av .allison morris på måndagen, 25 oktober 2010 - 7:54pm
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    The final project we have time to talk about during this drive is one of the newest and, we think, one of the most exciting. Our Vidding Roadmap. What's that? An economy pack of assorted awesome things -- initiatives that will serve a purpose beyond vidding, and which we believe will educate, advocate, and entertain. It includes a portal for learning about vidding, aimed at the curious, whether they are coming from inside fandom or from outside; a safe, stable place to store vids for the future; a way to share multimedia fanworks; and integration of multimedia into the Archive of Our Own.

    The educational Vidding Community Resource Site is in development right now. The Dark Archive is also getting very close to reality. Video embed functionality for the AO3 is being coded and tested as we speak.

    The Torrent of Our Own (TO3), however, is a more complex project. We are developing a bittorrent tracker for fair-use transformative fanworks, including fan vids, fic trailers, political remix, AMVs, machinima, and other forms of transformative digital media. This is a way to share our work with each other that isn't an afterthought to someone else's aims. A way that is designed for us, built by us, and owned by us. Running on our servers, with our advocacy behind it. After all, the vidding community has been increasingly disrupted by inaccurate content-filtering systems, the commercial failure of small streaming sites, bullying cease and desist letters, and wrongful DMCA takedowns. The TO3 will provide a stable, scalable home for vids; because torrents work best when there are high levels of collaboration and participation, we can open the network to any and all forms of fair use digital video and audio.

    Our Vidding Roadmap, all of its parts, is a big project. It's one we believe there is a pressing need for. Preserving our work, advocating for its legitimacy, and building for the future.

    Donate to the OTW now.

  • 24/7 DIY 2010: Collective Action program posted online

    Av .fcoppa på onsdagen, 13 oktober 2010 - 11:39pm
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    The 24/7 DIY Video Summit organized by USC's Institute for Multimedia Literacy has produced a new feature-length program of the latest in DIY video, including fanvids, amvs, prvs, machinima, lip dubs, literal videos, videoblogs, and YouTube videos. The show, 2010: Collective Action was shown at the Hammer Theatre in L.A. on October 5, 2010 and featured a keynote talk by Henry Jenkins. The video program is now online and parallel events are being scheduled at locations around the country.

    Vidding fandom is represented in the program by kiki_miserychic's "I'm on a boat," Obsessive24's "Piece of Me," and Hollywoodgrrl's "Art Bitch." A fuller program of vids, as well as of each of these other genres - amvs, prvs, etc. - will appear on Henry Jenkins' blog over the next few months. OTW Board member and Vidding Committee chair Francesca Coppa curated the vidding section; Tim Park curated the anime music videos; Jonathan McIntosh curated the political remixes.

    24/7 DIY 2010: Collective Action from IML @ USC on Vimeo.

  • Calling All European Vidders!

    Av .Helka Lantto på tisdagen, 28 september 2010 - 6:10am
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    Written by Natacha Guyot

    The organizers of 2008's Vidukon are currently trying to put together a second European vidding convention. If you think you might attend such a convention (or be willing to help them put it on!) please fill out their poll. Help is crucial and is encouraged from both vidders and vid-watchers.

    OTW's international staff are excited about this opportunity for gathering vidders on the European side of the ocean. International vidders will benefit from such an event, even if they are actually creating in 'mainstream' fandom. No matter how the Internet has made 'worldwide' access easier for many, vidders' presence can still remain scattered.

    A second European vidding convention would be a chance for vidders to discover others' works, and through vids, new fandoms. (For instance, French shows like Clara Sheller or David Nolande became known through vids; vids about the first brought about discussion with Brazilian fans, and a vid about the second sparked some American watchers’ interest, and a lot of conjectures about the TV series itself.)

    Gathering people, works and history on an international scale remains an important goal for the OTW and its various projects, from the Archive of Our Own to the various parts of the Vidding Roadmap. We are committed to building a community and archive for fic, art, and vids that goes beyond fandom and language boundaries. You can help us make this happen by volunteering.

  • Links Roundup for September 11, 2010

    Av .fcoppa på lördagen, 11 september 2010 - 3:43pm
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    * Miguel A. Pérez Gómez of the University of Seville has written what we think is the first Spanish-language academic article on vidding, Fan-Made Vids: Una introducción al vidding, los song vids, el recut, los mash-ups, el fan edit y otros artefactos audiovisuales. The full-text is available online.

    * YouTube Ads Turn Videos Into Revenue. The New York Times reports that increasingly, marketing and ad revenue is trumping copyright fears at big entertainment companies. They're letting clips and other videos stay up rather than issuing takedowns. While this may be good news for fans (depending on how you view advertising on your not-for-profit content), the article also notes that YouTube continues to be interested in developing "professional, long-form content" and is increasingly less interested in hosting amateur video.

    * Bookforum (registration is free) reviews Lewis Hyde's new book, Common As Air. Anxiety Over Influence: Copyright extensions are depriving the culture at large. Hyde is the author of 1983's The Gift, a book whose concept of "gift culture" is very popular among fans. Bookforum describes Hyde's new book as, "a resourceful call to arms... against the encroaching power of copyright fascism." The review is terrific and well worth the two seconds it takes to register at the site. (Thanks to mikesgrrrl for the link.)

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