Fanvideo

  • Links Roundup for September 11, 2010

    Av .fcoppa på lördagen, 11 september 2010 - 3:43pm
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    * Miguel A. Pérez Gómez of the University of Seville has written what we think is the first Spanish-language academic article on vidding, Fan-Made Vids: Una introducción al vidding, los song vids, el recut, los mash-ups, el fan edit y otros artefactos audiovisuales. The full-text is available online.

    * YouTube Ads Turn Videos Into Revenue. The New York Times reports that increasingly, marketing and ad revenue is trumping copyright fears at big entertainment companies. They're letting clips and other videos stay up rather than issuing takedowns. While this may be good news for fans (depending on how you view advertising on your not-for-profit content), the article also notes that YouTube continues to be interested in developing "professional, long-form content" and is increasingly less interested in hosting amateur video.

    * Bookforum (registration is free) reviews Lewis Hyde's new book, Common As Air. Anxiety Over Influence: Copyright extensions are depriving the culture at large. Hyde is the author of 1983's The Gift, a book whose concept of "gift culture" is very popular among fans. Bookforum describes Hyde's new book as, "a resourceful call to arms... against the encroaching power of copyright fascism." The review is terrific and well worth the two seconds it takes to register at the site. (Thanks to mikesgrrrl for the link.)

  • Comunicado de prensa: LA OTW AYUDA A ASEGURAR EXENCIÓN PARA EL REMIX VIDDING

    Av hele på torsdagen, 9 september 2010 - 1:43pm
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    PARA SU INMEDIATA PUBLICACIÓN

    26 de julio, 2010

    LA OTW AYUDA A ASEGURAR EXENCIÓN PARA EL REMIX VIDDING
    Las Declaraciones Artísticas No Comerciales Son Legítimas, Protegidas

    New York, N.Y.
    La Organización para las Obras Transformativas anuncia su éxito en la protección de los fanvids y otras formas de remezclado transformativo de video. Hoy, la Biblioteca del Congreso de los Estados Unidos de América publicó su muy esperado dictamen aceptando una exención al Digital Millennium Copyright Act para los realizadores de remezclado de video no comercial, que incluye fanvids, videos musicales de anime (amv) y remezclados políticos. La OTW trabajó junto a la EFF en la exención propuesta, presentando una respuesta con testimonio en vivo enfocado al vidding, un tipo de cultura del remezclado que reutiliza y comenta sobre fuentes mediáticas populares.

    Esta decisión representa una victoria significativa para los realizadores de fanvid y otros artistas del remezclado. Anteriormente, profesores de estudios fílmicos sostuvieron la única otra excepción de la DMCA para ripping de DVD. Ahora, los realizadores de video no comercial tienen permitido eludir las tecnologías de la DMCA en orden de hacer una declaración artística.

    “Esta declaración lleva la atención a donde debería de estar, en el uso justo de trabajos existentes, en vez de imponer normas contra-intuitivas e ininteligibles sobre como los artistas del remezclado pueden obtener sus materias primas”, dijo Rebecca Tushnet, miembro de la Junta de la OTW y profesora del centro de leyes de la Universidad de Georgetown. “ La oficina de derechos de autor reconoce que el remezclado no comercial es un tipo importante de uso justo”.

    “Vidding y otras formas de remezclado de video son formas de expresión”, dijo Francesca Coppa, miembro de la Junta de la OTW, directora de estudios fílmicos y profesora asociada de inglés en el Colegio Muhlenberg. “ Si nosotros queremos promover una educación multimedia, necesitamos que las personas hablen el lenguaje de los medios masivos sin criminalizarlos. Esta exención es crucial para los artistas del remezclado.”

    “Esta es una victoria para la comunidad de fans y para todos aquellos interesados en la libertad de las obras transformativas. Los fans creadores y los artistas del remezclado son parte de esta discusión dinámica con medios, personalidades y eventos populares”, añadió el miembro de la Junta de la OTW, Allison Morris. “Estamos orgullosos de que la Biblioteca del Congreso, reconociera la importancia de esta discusión”

    Establecida en 2007, la Organización de Obras Transformativas (OTW) es una organización sin fines de lucro, creada por fans para servir sus intereses al proveer acceso a y preservando la historia de sus trabajos y su cultura en su infinidad de formas. La OTW cree que dichos trabajos son transformativos y que los trabajos transformativos son legítimos.

    # # #

    Contacto con los medios

    Francesca Coppa
    Organization for Transformative Works
    fcoppa@transformativeworks.org

  • Torrent of Our Own Graphics Challenge Follow-Up!

    Av .allison morris på onsdagen, 8 september 2010 - 12:17am
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    We've heard some feedback that our post about the Graphics Challenge for OTW's Torrent of Our Own (TO3) was unclear. We've already received some amazing work, but we'd like to remedy any confusion. Here's what we mean:

    We want images, audio, or video from you that celebrates and generates excitement about fan-made images, audio, and video! We will use your contributions to raise awareness of the TO3 and promote vidding and audio/visual transformative culture. Think of it as campaign materials -- like the images you see on posters, badges, bumper stickers and logos - we're asking you to help the TO3 to win the coolness election.

    We have some examples for you! Here are a few in use to promote OTW and OTW projects:

    OTW icon. Logo in red over black text of quotes supporting OTW.
     
    Archive of Our Own icon referencing Penguin Books
    by lim
    Fanlore is my fandom icon.
    by Laura Shapiro
    OTW German membership icon. Logo in red and the word Mitglied
     

    Other examples are things like icons created to promote a fest (an example), graphics created to celebrate a type of format (an example), or banners created to reflect the theme of a challenge (an example).

    This meta vid submission we received totally captures the passion of vidding! It's a vid made up of clips from other vids the author created - with a narrative on what vidding is and why it's important.

    The Wonders I've Seen - Aruna7

    By request, Aruna7 has provided a transcript of her narration:
    Vidding isn't simply an easy way to fight with your computer, even if it can last for hours or day, as you struggle with ghost frames and other things of the like.

    This is about expressing your views or enthusiasm, or frustration with characters.

    Vidding is a work of imagination, [of] emotion.

    This is about sharing what you love no matter how mainstream or obscure it can be.

    Vidding can expand narrative possibilities or even rewrite the whole story.

    This is about connecting with people, viewers and collaborators.

    Vidding is about the love of fandom, creations made by fans for fans.

    And this is an international art.

    Ne l'oubliez pas. [translation: don't forget it.]

    But then you will never know the wonders I've seen. [Farscape audio quote]

    We want your icons, wallpapers, banners, and vids so that we can use them in our rally crying for the TO3! Your graphics will provide a visual connection that evokes the spirit and goals of the TO3, as well as why we're so damn excited about it. And of course you'll receive credit!

    Submit something soon! Just email premiums@transformativeworks.org with your work in whatever format you think we can reasonably expect to be able to open and show people, and in whatever size or file dimension you desire.

  • DMCA Follow-up Answers

    Av .allison morris på onsdagen, 1 september 2010 - 3:48pm
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    A number of bright and beautiful questions cropped up after we posted about the DMCA Exemption for Vidders. We've gathered up the handiest discussion, for clarification on what this ruling will mean for the community.

    Our position: Fanvids are critical commentary

    For the purpose of vidding, critical is a synonym for analytical, in the sense of constructing a "reading" of the source text. A shipper vid--one that celebrates the love between two characters, or creates a deeper relationship between them, or emphasizes the relationship between them, or sometimes even constructs it out of almost nothing--is a reading of the text that changes how you see it, or re-prioritizes the values of the original. Slash is almost always a critical reading, and implicitly a political one. Lots of vids are about emphasizing characters who aren't central, giving them their own screen time, making them the main character for three minutes. All of these are making critical commentary in the sense of making an analytical reading!

    The Copyright Office did not rule that any particular vid was a fair use; however, it cited a number of vids as examples of the kinds of remix that are likely to constitute fair use.

    The Exemption doesn't cover music

    While the ruling isn't about music, it is still really important: it means that copyright holders can't use the DMCA to stop a fair use defense before it's out of the gate. Vis a vis YouTube and private companies, they will always be permitted to have their own rules: they can decide that they won't host vids that have a lot of green in them. But that doesn't make green vids illegal, and it doesn't make vids illegal either.

    Are ripped clips legal?

    Under the exemption, it does not violate the DMCA to rip clips from DVDs that you lawfully acquire for the purpose of making a noncommercial remix as long as you reasonably believe that you need to rip in order to get clips of the necessary quality. Once you have the clips, what you do with them, such as posting your vid online, is governed by fair use. If you're asking about services like YouTube, etc.: they are private companies who can make their own rules: they can decide not to host anything they don't want to host. We are hoping that this ruling will cause them to relax a bit about their own rules, but it's important to note that this is not the same thing as illegal.

    What does this mean for copyright, fair use, and vids on YouTube?

    Private companies like YouTube can take things down for whatever reasons they want, and they mostly claim to be complying with copyright, though sometimes it's that they literally don't want to bother to make the distinction between a fair use and just a pirated copy of something (likely to be less fair, though there are some arguments for straight copying as having some fair uses also). So most of the time, if you actually make a person see a vid, they agree that it's a fair use: YouTube takedowns are mostly done by computer, now, and computers can't tell the difference (or can't yet: the EFF has made some good suggestions for reprogramming computers so that they can tell the difference between a transformative work and a straight up clip).

  • Give us your icons, your graphics, your remixed media yearning to break free!

    Av .allison morris på onsdagen, 11 augusti 2010 - 6:53pm
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    You know what's awesome? The plans for the OTW's Torrent of Our Own (TO3)!

    What's that? Good question! Part of the Archive of Our Own, the Torrent of Our Own is a private bittorrent tracker for distributing transformative audio-visual works like fan art, vids, fic trailers, AMVs, political remixes, podfic and other audio, machinima, and other digital fanworks.

    What does that mean? It means the OTW is working on a way to share fan-made images, audio, and video that's dedicated to fannish creative works (and thereby awesome). (Read more about the TO3 and our other multimedia-related projects.)

    ... No, wait! What we actually meant to say is awesome: CONTESTS! FANNISH CREATIVITY! TRANSFORMATIVE WORKS!

    Merging the awesomeness, we're having a contest to celebrate our hopes, dreams, and goals for the TO3: We want your graphics (or vids!) and we want them in by September 19th! Awesomeness squared means we're asking for meta graphics about visual transformative culture. "Draw all the things!" "I Can Has Art Nao?" "Vidding Is Hard!"

    OTW TO3 Graphics Challenge

    Copy & paste to help us promote the challenge!

    Just email premiums@transformativeworks.org with your work in whatever format you think we can reasonably expect to be able to open and show people, and in whatever size or file dimension you desire - wallpapers, icons, buttons, banners - anything goes! (Even a vid? Well, who are we to stop you?)

    You'll receive our undying gratitude and be entered to win our fancy OTW merch - we'll be asking our community to vote for the top 3 entries between 22 and 29 September. Third place wins OTW stickers and buttons, second place wins OTW stickers, buttons and a water bottle and our first place winner will receive OTW stickers, buttons, a water bottle and custom buttons and/or iron-ons (winner's choice) commemorating the win!

    The fine print: Submissions will be displayed with attribution. Submitted work may become an official OTW graphic, shareable and modifiable with credit. Graphics that are transformative are fair game for the contest, so anything goes, but we can't make submissions that include unauthorized images or that are specific to a single fandom into official OTW graphics. (Your original art, public domain images, or images licensed as Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 are fine, though!) We're always thrilled to accept graphics celebrating the OTW and any of our projects, though only those focused on visual fanworks qualify as entries in this particular contest.

  • Fanvideo en Multimedia

    Av .scribblesinink på lördagen, 31 juli 2010 - 10:35am
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    Fans creëren een wijde verscheidenheid aan multimedia werken, waaronder fankunst, anime muziek video’s, politieke remixes, fanfilms, fantrailers, machinima, podfic en audioboeken, en anderen. De Organisatie voor Transformatieve Werken (OTW) is toegewijd aan het beschikbaar stellen van toegang tot en behouden van de geschiedenis van deze werken, en onze Fanvideo en Multimedia projecten zijn bedoeld om zowel informatie en hulpbronnen beschikbaar te stellen aan de fanvideo gemeenschap als om te helpen deze werken uit te leggen en te contextualiseren naar het grote publiek.

    Fanvideo Routekaart

    De Fanvideo Routekaart is een gids voor de OTW’s geplande video-gerelateerde kenmerken en services, inclusief ons plan om video volledig te integreren binnen Archive of Our Own - AO3 (Ons Eigen Archief).

    Hulpbronnen voor makers van fanvideo

    De volgende pagina’s bevatten informatie die hopelijk nuttig is voor makers van fanvideo; als je suggesties hebt voor een pagina die we hier zouden kunnen linken, of nieuwe suggesties of correcties voor bestaande pagina’s, neem dan contact met ons op.

    Hulpbronnen voor wetenschappers

    • Bibliography of Fan Video (Bibliografie van fanvideo): onderhouden op Zotero en twee keer per jaar geupdate. Laatste export: 17 August 2011.
    • Fan Works Style Guide (Fanwerk Stijl Gids):hoe fanvids (en ander wetenschappelijke werken) te citeren in academische context.
    • Vidding (2008), een documentaire geproduceerd door de OTW voor MIT’s New Media Literacy (Nieuwe Media Geletterdheid) project.
    • Vidding Documentaire (2011), door Abigail Christensen
    • Wetenschappelijk Archief van Multimedia Werken (binnenkort): Een bibliotheek van fanvideos besproken in wetenschappelijke artikelen: we zullen ook een punt aanbieden om contact op te nemen voor wetenschappers die van plan zijn te publiceren zodat toekomstige artikelen en boeken stabiele referenties en voetnoten hebben.

    Vidding History (Vidding Geschiedenis) Projecten

    De OTW heeft tegenwoordig specifieke legale en wetenschappelijke expertise op het gebied van live-action media fanvidding; onzeVidding History (Vidding Geschiedenis) projecten hebben als doel services beschikbaar te stellen aan de vidding gemeenschap en vidding uit te leggen en te contextualiseren voor het grote publiek.
    Huidige projecten omvatten: het Vidding Mondelinge Geschiedenis Project, de
    Test suite van Fair Use Vids, en Vidding (2008), een documentaire geproduceerd door de OTW voor MIT’s New Media Literacy (Nieuwe Media Geletterdheid) project. Veel van de OTW’s legale werk is vidding-gerelateerd; je kunt hier meer over vinden op onze legale bijstands pagina.

    The Dark Archive (Het Donkere Archief)

    Het doel van het donkere archief is om vids op te slaan en te beschermen; dit archief zal niet online of algemeen toegankelijk zijn. Zie de Fanvideo Routekaart voor meer informatie.

    Torrent of Our Own (Onze Eigen Torrent)

    Onze Eigen Torrent is een privé tracker voor transformatieve fair-use fanwerken, waaronder: vids, fic trailers, fan art, PDF's van 'zines, AMV's, politieke remixen, machinima, en andere digitale transformatieve fanwerken. Zie de Fanvideo Routekaart voor meer informatie.

  • Copyright Office Cites Fan Vids In Recommending New Exemptions

    Av .fcoppa på onsdagen, 28 juli 2010 - 4:34am
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    It's worth noting, if you didn't parse everything released with the new DMCA exemptions announced yesterday, that the fan vids in the OTW's Test Suite of Fair Use Vids (Women's Work by Sisabet and Luminosity, This Is How It Works by Lim, Handlebars by Seah and Margie, and Closer by Killa and T. Jonesy) as well as additional vids that we presented at the DMCA hearings last year - Lierdumoa's How Much Is That Geisha In The Window, Lim's Us, and Luminosity's Vogue - are discussed in the Register of Copyright's Recommendation to The Librarian of Congress. (You can download the entire .pdf, which is searchable.)

    For instance, Lierdumoa's vid helped to convince the Register that vidders need access to high quality source:

    "Noncommercial, transformative users have also sufficiently demonstrated that certain uses require high quality in order for the purpose of the use to be sufficiently expressed and communicated. For instance, where focus on background material in a motion picture is essential to the transformative purpose, as exemplified in the situation of bringing the background to the foreground, the use of decrypted DVDs is necessary to make the point. One particular example of “bringing the background to the foreground” was demonstrated in the vid, How Much Is That Geisha In The Window, by Lierdumoa. This vid criticizes and comments upon Joss Whedon’s science fiction television series Firefly. The series incorporates Asian culture and art, but the vid demonstrates that almost no Asian characters are featured and that they appear only in the background."

    The Register also discussed the timing, characterization, editing, and message of the other vids, concluding that, "frequently when one is engaging in commentary about audiovisual works, it is necessary to use high quality reproductions in order to make one’s point."

    The OTW is grateful to these vidders for allowing their work to appear in our Test Suite and for sending their work with us to Washington. Concrete examples made using high quality source are crucial to our arguments, and it is also vital for us to know about your stories, experiences, expectations, and practices. As we noted in our announcement of the exemption, we'll have to do this again in two years, and the Copyright Office will once again require evidence of the need for an exemption. You can help strengthen our case by leaving a comment or emailing the OTW's Vidding Committee at any time.

    In related news, we are continuing to keep track of press about the DMCA exemptions, so keep an eye on our links post. We are also proud to launch a Press Room to serve as a focal point for media contact and to collect media mentions of our work, as well as our own OTW press releases.

  • Press Release: OTW HELPS SECURE DMCA EXEMPTION FOR REMIX VIDDING

    Av OTW Staff på tisdagen, 27 juli 2010 - 2:56am
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    FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

    July 26, 2010

    OTW HELPS SECURE DMCA EXEMPTION FOR REMIX VIDDING
    Noncommercial Artistic Statements Are Legitimate, Protected

    New York, N.Y. — The Organization for Transformative Works announces a success in protecting fan vids and other forms of transformative remix video. Today the Library of Congress released its long-awaited ruling granting a Digital Millennium Copyright Act exemption to makers of noncommercial remix videos, including fan vids, anime music videos, and political remixes. The OTW worked with the EFF on the proposed exemption, submitting a reply comment and supporting the comment with live testimony focused on vidding, a type of remix culture that repurposes and comments on popular media sources.

    This ruling represents a significant victory for fan vidders and other remix artists. Previously, film studies professors held the only DMCA exemption for DVD ripping. Now makers of noncommercial video are also permitted to circumvent DMCA technologies if they need to in order make artistic statements.

    "This ruling puts the focus back where it should be, on fair use of existing works, instead of imposing counterintuitive and unintelligible rules about how remix artists can get their raw materials," said Rebecca Tushnet, OTW Board Member and professor at the Georgetown University Law Center. "The Copyright Office recognized that noncommercial remix is an important type of fair use."

    "Vidding and other forms of video remix are a form of speech," said Francesca Coppa, OTW Board Member, Director of Film Studies and associate professor of English at Muhlenberg College. "If we want to promote multimedia literacy, we need to let people speak the language of mass media without criminalizing them. This exemption is crucial for remix artists."

    "This is a victory for the fan community and for everyone interested in freedom for transformative works. Fan creators and remix artists are part of a dynamic conversation with popular media, personalities, and events," added OTW Board Member Allison Morris. "We are proud that the Library of Congress recognized the importance of this conversation."

    Established in 2007, The Organization for Transformative Works (OTW) is a nonprofit organization established by fans to serve the interests of fans by providing access to and preserving the history of fanworks and fan culture in its myriad forms. The OTW believes that fanworks are transformative and that transformative works are legitimate.

    # # #

    Media Contact:

    Francesca Coppa
    Organization for Transformative Works
    fcoppa@transformativeworks.org

  • More news and links about the DMCA victory!

    Av .fcoppa på måndagen, 26 juli 2010 - 4:36pm
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    The Copyright Office now has information about the new ruling up on their website. Particularly interesting is the Statement from the Librarian. The full text of the decision is available as a .PDF.

    Coverage of the decision is coming out fast; we'll keep updating. Please feel free to comment with links we haven't seen.

    * EFF Wins New Legal Protections for Video Artists, Cell Phone Jailbreakers, and Unlockers at the EFF's site;

    * EFF wins enormous victory against DRM: legal to jailbreak iPhones, rip DVDs for mashup videos at BoingBoing;

    * Apple loses big in DRM ruling: jailbreaks are "fair use" at Ars Technica

    * Jailbreaking iPhone apps is now legal from CNN Money.com; quotes our own Rebecca Tushnet and discusses vidding particularly:

    The agency also granted an exemption allowing users to break DVD copyright controls to extract snippets of copyrighted movies for the purpose of incorporating them into new works, so long as the new creation is noncommercial. Known as "vidding," such remixing is a popular hobby among fan artists, and their creations are widely available for viewing on YouTube.

    The ruling doesn't remove all of the legal murk around vidding. Creators still need to ensure that their clips meet "fair use" guidelines, and the Copyright Office specified that its exemption applies only to motion-picture snippets extracted "for the purpose of criticism or comment."
    But advocates say the decision is a big step forward. Hollywood movie studios had long held that ripping DVDs for any purpose whatsoever is a violation of the DMCA.

    "This ruling is useful because it removes a tool that was able to be deployed over and above copyright law that already has fair-use safety valves," said Rebecca Tushnet, a law professor at Georgetown University who testified in favor of the exception at a Library of Congress rulemaking hearing last year. "Now we're back to where we should have been all along, and we can continue the conversation about what's reasonable fair use."

    * Fair Use Victories on the DMCA from the Center for Social Media

    * New DMCA Exemptions Legalize Phone Jailbreaking & DVD Ripping for Fair Use at Geeks are Sexy; this article shouts out the OTW and vidding in particular.

    * OTW's own press release

    * Review Of US Digital Millennium Copyright Act Brings New Exemptions from IP Watch

    * New DMCA exemption from animemusicvideo.org

    * Letting Us Rip: Our New Right to Fair Use of DVDs in the Chronicle of Higher Education

    * Copyright Office Rules in Favor of Fair Use and Consumer Freedom - vidders get a shout out in the Huffington Post

  • U.S. Library Of Congress Grants DMCA Exemption for Vidders!!

    Av .fcoppa på måndagen, 26 juli 2010 - 2:35pm
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    The OTW's Legal and Vidding Committees have just been informed that the Library Of Congress is about to release a (long-awaited!) ruling granting a DMCA (Digital Millenium Copyright Act) exemption to makers of noncommercial remix, which includes vidding, anime music videos, political remix videos and the like. Previously film studies professors had the only exemption: now documentary filmmakers, makers of noncommercial video, and media studies teachers are also permitted to circumvent DMCA technologies if they need to in order to teach or to make artistic statements. (The DMCA exemption applies to you if you are in the U.S. or if someone tries to apply U.S. law to your work.)

    This ruling does not mean that all vids and other remixed works are entirely out of the fog of legal uncertainty; rather, it means that people making noncommercial remix video do not have to worry about violating the DCMA's anticircumvention provisions (which otherwise might prohibit ripping a protected DVD), which are separate from ordinary U.S. copyright law and which don't otherwise allow for fair use. There is a requirement that circumvention must be necessary, because the Copyright Office believes that screen capture software might in some circumstances produce results of sufficient quality. As Tisha Turk testified, however, this is unlikely to be true for vidders.

    The OTW worked with the EFF on the proposed exemption, submitted its own reply comment in support (special thanks to Casey Fiesler for her hard work), and went down to DC to support this comment with live testimony from Francesca Coppa, Tisha Turk, and Rebecca Tushnet. Today's ruling is the result of the hard work of a coalition of documentary filmmakers, media studies professors, and fair use advocates.

    The ruling is expected to be posted on the Library of Congress site later today! We'll post more news and links as they become available!

    One final note: because of the restrictiveness of the law, we have to do this all over again in two years. We need your stories to help, because the Copyright Office needs to see evidence of the need for an exemption: tell us why you need high-quality source to make your vids, why they are transformative, and/or why you don't use screen capture. You can comment, or email the OTW's Vidding Committee any time.

    You can read OTW's press release on the decision here.

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