• OTW Fannews: Improve Your Life

    Kiri Van Santen on Tuesday, 24 November 2015 - 6:13pm
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    • The American Library's Association's Center for the Future of Libraries has a mission which involves identifying "emerging trends relevant to libraries and the communities they serve." Included in their trends is an entry on fandom. In the "Why It Matters" section, they write "As cultural institutions that preserve and provide access to books, video, music, and an increasing array of media, fandoms may be obvious partners in promoting literacy, engagement with culture, and media creation. Fandom increasingly assumes active creation – writing, recording, drawing, remixing, role-playing – rather than just passive consumption of media. This could make it an important space for libraries to design programming and instruction around, especially in ways that promote Connected Learning that is highly social, interest-driven, hands-on, and production oriented."
    • Two different sites promoted fandom involvement as a way to stay healthy. The University of Utah's Health Feed focused on sports fandom while Inverse expanded it to include media fandom. The fandom benefits cited were a sense of belonging, greater happiness, and an increase in critical thinking.
    • Bringing your fandom into the workplace can be problematic, though, depending on your profession. Gawker was among those criticizing a BuzzFeed reporter for a lack of objectivity. "[T]he Buzzfeed Brand is built in large part on explicit and outspoken fandom. But the News side at BuzzFeed works as seriously as as traditional newsroom, and has put into place ethical guidelines to cement that... It’s hard to imagine how these guidelines jibe with teary-eyed fandom for the Pope, an elected political entity with a broad swath of deeply political views that include (a longstanding opposition to) women’s rights and LGBT equality." They concluded by noting that "pure, uncritical adoration goes beyond the usual biases, and makes a reporter seem incapable of grappling with the complexity of her subject... This isn’t a Foo Fighters fan interviewing Dave Grohl."
    • Death and Taxes revealed that Dave Grohl is equally likely to have his fandom on display if Jonathan Davis is any example. "Probably the biggest thing Davis and I have in common is an all-consuming love for Duran Duran. The big difference being that Davis got to actually connect with his musical idol Simon Le Bon... 'I was shaking, because I’m the hugest fan. He was like, 'How old are you? Name some songs.' And I was like '"The Chauffeur" is my shit. I love that song.' We just hit it off and started hanging out that night. And then a couple years later my agent brought him out. He came to the Korn show, and then we went out to this pizza place in London, and we hung out all night and it was the greatest night of my life.'"

    What was the greatest fandom day of your life? Write about it in Fanlore! Contributions are welcome from all fans.

    We want your suggestions! If you know of an essay, video, article, podcast, or link you think we should know about, comment on the most recent OTW Fannews post. Links are welcome in all languages! Submitting a link doesn't guarantee that it will be included in a Fannews post, and inclusion of a link doesn't mean that it is endorsed by the OTW.

  • OTW Fannews: Becoming the Norm

    Sarah Remy on Tuesday, 10 November 2015 - 5:16pm
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    OTW Fannews banner blue background with cork board and the words Becoming the Norm in the foreground

    • Variety gave the entertainment industry a heads up on a critical fair use ruling in a case involving viral videos. Fair use is the key copyright provision protecting fanworks in the U.S. "'Equals Three’s use of Jukin’s videos is admittedly commercial. Nevertheless, the commercial nature of the use is outweighed by the episode’s transformativeness,' Judge Stephen V. Wilson of the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California wrote in the Oct. 13 decision. What makes the use 'transformative' is not clear-cut, the judge noted: 'Determining whether Equals Three’s episodes parody Jukin’s videos is a difficult and nuanced task.' But Judge Wilson ruled that even if Equals Three’s episodes are not parodies, the episodes comment on or criticize Jukin’s videos and are therefore allowable under fair use."
    • An article in The Atlantic discussed the importance of the Google Books decision for fair use. "This isn’t only good news for fans of Google Books. It helps makes the legal boundaries of fair use clear to other organizations who may try to take advantage of it, including libraries and non-profits. 'It gives us a better senses of where fair use lies,' says Dan Cohen, the executive director of the Digital Public Library of America." What's more "Experts say that the Supreme Court is unlikely to hear an appeal, because so many district court judges, and two different federal circuits, have found themselves so broadly in agreement about the nature of transformative use online."
    • Another writer in The Atlantic noted that transformative use is everywhere in both authorized and non-authorized forms today. "The question for authors to consider in this brave new world of mimicry, both professional and otherwise, is to what extent they consider their characters to be theirs and theirs alone. For most, it isn’t something that will become an issue during their lifetime: Copyright law stipulates that books only enter the public domain 70 years after the death of the author, even if most fanfic writers aren’t limited in terms of what they can post online."
    • Digital Book World proposed that publishing focus on the content not the wrapper when producing work. "[F]an fiction has quite possibly become the biggest sleeper hit of the digital age. According to some estimates, around a third of all the content posted on Wattpad and Tumblr is created by fans. As a commercial proposition, fan fiction is embryonic, but I think publishers have a lot to learn from its speed and agility. Fan fiction stays close to its audience (indeed, creator and consumer are often indistinguishable), it centers on recognizable brands and it iterates quickly. And most importantly, it’s platform-neutral. The wrapper—whether this is a Tumblr post, Wattpad story or ebook—isn’t the end product; it’s a means of transmission."

    What do you think have been the key moments in the spread of fanworks? Write about them in Fanlore! Contributions are welcome from all fans.

    We want your suggestions! If you know of an essay, video, article, podcast, or link you think we should know about, comment on the most recent OTW Fannews post. Links are welcome in all languages! Submitting a link doesn't guarantee that it will be included in a Fannews post, and inclusion of a link doesn't mean that it is endorsed by the OTW.

  • OTW Fannews: Life and Times

    Claudia Rebaza on Monday, 2 November 2015 - 4:59pm
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    Banner by Tea of footsteps and stars leading across a blue background with the words 'OTW Fannews Life and Times'

    • Latino USA aired a segment on diversity in geekdom which looked at video games, comic books, and cosplay. A Latino fan was interviewed about the introduction of more diverse comic book heroes, saying "It's intense to see all these races now, it's not just a white man's sport anymore." The interviewer noted that the con attendance was very diverse. "Not only are Latinos and other people of color everywhere but LGBTQ couples walk hand in hand, all ages are represented, and a few people with disabilities are pulling off some impressive costumes." (No transcript available)
    • The South China Morning Post reported on a Kpop fan who refused to learn English like her classmates because she wanted to learn Korean instead. "The girl has an encyclopedic knowledge of Korean pop stars, and her greatest interest was talking about South Korean dramas and music with her friends", the report quoted her mother as saying. "Her parents had banned her from using the internet and watching television at home so she caught up on her favourite shows when she stayed with her grandparents on the weekend."
    • The BBC reported on a special scene filmed for a Syrian fan who became a refugee. "Noujain Mustaffa is a disabled 16-year-old Syrian migrant...[who]...told journalists she had learnt English by watching the US soap opera, Days of Our Lives," though she missed her favorite character who had been killed. Comedian John Oliver arranged for a spoof scene in which Noujain's favourite character returned from the dead and gave her a shoutout by name.
    • RetailDive reported on the passing of an Apple fanboy who blogged about their stores. Gary Allen "shut down his blog in March after his diagnosis, choosing to spend more time with his family in his last days." However, "[w]riters at TechCrunch and The Washington Post hailed Allen’s attention to Apple’s stores, which he detailed at his blog that has now been discontinued, as an example of a singular and entertainingly articulated passion for the company’s choices in architecture and its courteous, well-trained store staff."

    What has marked your life in fandom? Write about it in Fanlore! Contributions are welcome from all fans.

    We want your suggestions! If you know of an essay, video, article, podcast, or link you think we should know about, comment on the most recent OTW Fannews post. Links are welcome in all languages! Submitting a link doesn't guarantee that it will be included in a Fannews post, and inclusion of a link doesn't mean that it is endorsed by the OTW.

  • OTW Fannews: Unearthing Slash

    Janita Burgess on Sunday, 4 October 2015 - 3:59pm
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    OTW Fannews banner by caitie~ with the text Unearthing Slash along with stylized images of the members of One Direction with slashes between them

    • Vice speculated on why adults read One Direction fanfic, and discussed the appeal of slash. "The appeal of One Direction homoeroticism also seems related to how physically comfortable and genuinely playful the boys are with each other... It seems related to the fact that they are boys who sing songs about feelings and look like they mean it. It seems, unfortunately, related to Louis's irreverent-shading-into-dickish personality, which fans... wish to understand and explain away. Perhaps most significantly, it seems related to taboo and tragedy: how impossible to fall in love with your best friend, while the whole world watches, and also how beautiful."
    • Certainly the ease of stumbling on fanfic has created awkward moments for the subjects of that fiction. NME quoted The Libertines discussing the unnerving combination of fact and fantasy. "A lot of effort has gone into it. There’ll be a poetic stream of consciousness and then suddenly, BANG! My cock will appear in Carl’s ear." The singer added that some of the descriptions were uncannily accurate: "I think it must be written by someone close to us, because apart from the actual sex side of things, which obviously isn’t true, some of it’s quite close to life."
    • The Daily Dot provided a bit of fandom history by discussing Man from U.N.C.L.E.'s slashy past. "As fandom academic Cynthia W. Walker put it, "if Trek was the Big Bang, (Man from U.N.C.L.E.) was the primer." The Man from U.N.C.L.E. was the patient zero for the kind of passionate fan community we see for shows like Sherlock today." It was notable in many ways. "At this point it's practically tradition for TV shows to misinterpret which of their male leads is the real heartthrob. From Spock to Teen Wolf's Stiles, female-driven fandoms tend to gravitate toward the characters who aren't portrayed as suave ladykillers. And back in the day, Illya Kuryakin was a bona fide teen crush magnet."
    • One bit of progress (?) in media coverage of slash is that the pairings are no longer the main surprise to people. Cracked's video gets a lot wrong, such as confusing characters and fandoms with genres, and discussing commercial bestiality erotica series as works of fanfiction. But the idea that pairings might consist of same sex doesn't itself get dubbed as 'weird'.

    Is slash history something you know about? Share your knowledge on Fanlore! Contributions are welcome from all fans.

    We want your suggestions! If you know of an essay, video, article, podcast, or link you think we should know about, comment on the most recent OTW Fannews post. Links are welcome in all languages! Submitting a link doesn't guarantee that it will be included in a Fannews post, and inclusion of a link doesn't mean that it is endorsed by the OTW.

  • Transformative Works and Cultures Releases Issue No. 20

    Sarah Remy on Tuesday, 15 September 2015 - 4:15pm
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    20th Issue celebration banner with separate icons for letters, vids, conventions, zines, usenet, blogs, and moblie. Red heading Twentieth Issue Celebration

    Transformative Works and Cultures has released their 20th issue. This milestone issue showcases the interdisciplinary nature of the field of fan studies and, as editors Kristina Busse and Karen Hellekson write: "offers us a moment to reflect on where we've come and where we want to go."

    The first collaboration between Busse and Hellekson, "which was conceived in early 2004 and began soliciting contributions in September 2004, moved quickly: essays were submitted and peer reviewed, and we received a publishing contract with an estimated print date of September 2005. Fan Fiction and Fan Communities in the Age of the Internet would not be published for another few months, but we had accomplished what we had set out to do: give voice to the many scholars we had met at conferences and online; create a volume that would start with the premise that academics were often fans and fans often academics and that that was okay; and permit conversations that did not always begin with introductory definitions but instead would assume a knowledgeable audience, thus raising the level of discourse."

    Ten years later, the Journal of Transformative Works and Cultures (TWC) continues to do just that.

    Fandoms addressed in the 20th issue include bronies (Anne Gilbert); Columbine shooters Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold (Andrew Ryan Rico); the 2010 film The Social Network (Melanie Piper); and Lady Gaga (Lise Dilling-Hansen).

    Essays also discuss the genre of mpreg (Mary Ingram-Waters); the use of African American cultural studies in fan studies (Rebecca Wanzo); and pedagogy (Misty Krueger). Two essays discuss comic books, one with a focus on materiality (J. Richard Stevens and Christopher E. Bell) and the other with a focus on Japanese fan comics (Kathryn Hemmann). Materiality is also addressed in an essay about one-sixth-scale action figures (Victoria Godwin).

    Symposium essays include personal essays about being of fan of singer Patti Smith (Maud Lavin) and about creative winter fashions made in in a Nunavik village in Quebec (Jasmin Aurora Stoffer). Another essay discusses fan recuts of films or film series (Joshua Wille).

    The issue concludes with three reviews of recent books in the field of fan studies.

    The next issue of TWC, No. 21, will appear in March 2016 as a special issue guest edited by Ika Willis on the Classical Canon and/as Transformative Work.

    The following issues are open for submissions (close date March 15, 2016): open, unthemed issue; Sherlock Holmes Fandom, Sherlockiana, and the Great Game; and Queer Female Fandom. The calls for papers for the themed issues are available on TWC's website.

  • Events Calendar for September 2015

    Jennifer Rose Hale on Tuesday, 1 September 2015 - 3:39pm
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    Banner by caitie of curtains opening to show a stage with the words OTW Events Calendar

    Welcome to our Events Calendar roundup for the month of September! The Events Calendar can be found on the OTW website and is open to submissions by anyone with news of an event. These can be viewed by event-type, such as Academic Conferences, Fan Events and Fests, Legal Events, OTW Events, or Technology Events taking place around the world.

    • If you're a Star Wars collector, mark your calendars. If you're Star Wars weary, you may want to avoid toy retailers on September 4, which Disney, Lucasfilm, and other Star Wars merchandisers are calling Force Friday, the day Star Wars: The Force Awakens tie-in materials officially go on sale.
    • FandomVerse Expo is a three-day multi-fandom convention. Its goal is to enlighten, inform, and entertain attendees while celebrating all areas of fandom: anime, comics, sci-fi, horror, fantasy, gaming, costuming, and more. It's September 4-6 in Lancaster, California, United States.
    • Gleekon 2015 is the first unofficial Glee convention hosted in Italy. The three-day event, September 4-6 in Milan, includes meet-and-greets with the guests, Q&A panels, individual and group photo opportunities, and autograph sessions. Dot Marie Jones is a special guest.
    • It's the first annual Scifi Wales convention, being held in the seaside town of Llandudno, Wales, United Kingdom, on September 5. Special guests include Caitlin Blackwood (Doctor Who), Virginia Hey (Farscape), Brian Wheeler (Star Wars and Harry Potter), and John Challis (Doctor Who). Attendees can also learn to make 3D paper toys with "Jedi Paper Master" Ryan Hall.

    • The goal of Alamo City Comic Con is "to celebrate the artists who provide entertainment to the public via comics, movies, TV, gaming, and cosplay." This year's special guests include John Noble, Edward James Olmos, Ron Perlman, and Manu Bennett. Photo ops will be available, and the event, September 11-13 in San Antonio, Texas, United States, will include a costume contest.
    • Shocka-Con 4, a horror/scifi convention, will feature Rose Siggins and Drew Rin Varick from American Horror Story; Bai Ling (The Crow, Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow); and Jeryl Prescott from The Walking Dead. The event is September 18-20 in Charleston, West Virginia, United States.
    • Hobbit Day! September 22 is the shared birthday of Bilbo and Frodo Baggins, and it was officially declared a holiday by the American Tolkien Society in 1978.

    • Submit drafts for the Captain America/Iron Man Big Bang by September 23. Stories should focus on the relationship between Steve Rogers and Tony Stark (in any setting or continuity you can think of). Artist claims will be based on fic summaries, which will be made available beginning September 24. Minimum final word count for stories is 25,000, and final fics are due November 1. Authors are required to post their own works to an Archive of Our Own collection.
    • FACTS (Fantasy Anime Comics Toys Space), September 26-27 in Ghent, Belgium, is a forum for all fans of the “fantastic genre." Guests include Casper Van Dien (Starship Troopers) and Sylvester McCoy (Doctor Who, The Hobbit) and a wide variety of international and local artists. Highlights include a game zone and a fan village.
    • The annual conference of the Midwest Popular Culture Association and Midwest American Culture Association, MPCA in Cincinnati will feature presentations on topics including fandom studies, gender studies, writing and rhetoric in popular culture, and more. It's October 1-4 in Cincinnati, Ohio, United States.

    Calls for Papers this month come from:

    • Going Viral: The Changing Faces of (Inter)Media Culture. As the practice of sharing texts, images, and videos online provokes and multiplies reactions on a global scale, it can be defined as contagious—enabling any possible content to “go viral.” The 2015 fall issue of Frames will explore the palpable effects of this "contagiousness" on media culture. Topics may include but are not limited to the influence of New Media on low budget / no budget filmmaking and studio advertising strategies; piracy and copyright issues; and online film reception and its influence on fan culture. In addition to articles, video submissions are welcome. All submissions should be sent by September 14.
    • Fanfiction in Medieval Studies, a Panel at the International Congress on Medieval Studies. Over the past three decades, there has been increasing interest in both Fan Studies and Medieval Studies in the relationship between medieval literary culture and fanfiction (that is, popular, "unofficial," fan-generated fiction writing that participates in a pre-existing fictional "universe" and uses its characters). This session invites papers that reflect on points of analogy between fanfiction and medieval literatures. Abstracts of 300 words or less and a Participation Information Form are due September 15.
    • An Edited Collection on the Work of Joni Mitchell. Joni Mitchell is widely recognised as an innovative, influential, much-loved, and much-imitated artist. From her debut album Song to a Seagull to her most recent Shine, Mitchell’s music--her tunings, her lyrics, her scope--has drawn critical and popular acclaim. And yet, scholarly attention to her work has been relatively limited. This edited collection will attend to Mitchell as a figure worthy of sustained critical thought and appreciation, with a major publisher having already expressed interest. Please send 350- to 500-word chapter proposals by September 30.
    • Fan Culture and Theory, Popular Culture Association National Conference. The Popular Culture Association National Conference takes place March 21-25 in Seattle, Washington. Proposals for both panels and individual papers are now being accepted for all aspects of Fan Culture and Theory, including, but not limited to, the following areas: Fan Fiction; Fan/Creator interactions; Race, Gender and Sexuality in Fandom; Music Fandom; and Reality Television Fandom. Submit abstracts of 100-250 words with relevant audio/visual requests online by October 1. Graduate students are encouraged to submit proposals.

    Help out a researcher!

    This month we have received a request for research participation from Silja Kukka at University of Oulu, Finland. As part of her research for her PhD, she is studying kink meme communities under the oversight of Dr. Kuisma Korhonen.

    The purpose of this research is to study kink meme communities and their place in the larger context of pornography and contemporary porn studies, and to study the role that slash fiction plays in the development of humans' sexual identity.

    Note that survey participants must be at least 18 years of age. You can find the survey online.

    Contact information is kinkmeme [dot] survey [at] gmail [dot] com and kuisma [dot] korhonen [at] oulu [dot] fi.

    If you have requests for research participation, please view our policy for inclusion at our website.

    The OTW encourages anyone to submit an event that's not already listed, and to check out the calendar throughout the year!

  • OTW Fannews: Keepers of the Flame

    Sarah Remy on Friday, 21 August 2015 - 4:02pm
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    • At Nerd Reactor Genevieve LeBlanc wrote about the joy of fandom. "It was Simon Pegg that said that being a geek was 'a license to proudly emote on a somewhat childish level rather than behave like a supposed adult. Being a geek is extremely liberating.' For me, it means I have the ability to take joy from small moments like these. The happiness is disproportional to the actual significance of the event; I got immense entertainment with friends about two Coke bottles sharing names with fictional characters. It’s absolutely meaningless, but being a nerd means that it gets to make me happy. And who can deny the benefit of a little extra happiness in our lives?"
    • At ESPN CricInfo Ahmer Naqvi took a thoughtful look at what fan activities consist of. "The realisation coincided with a time in my life when I was experiencing and learning to enjoy so much more that the world had to offer...suddenly everything in cricket (other than perhaps an India-Pakistan game) was expendable in a way it hadn't been before. And it is then that a part of me could finally accept, and be even confident of the fact, that not adhering to the rituals I had made up in my head didn't mean that I didn't love the game. Because eventually it wasn't about what I needed to prove to others but about what it gave to me."
    • At Noisey, Luke Winkie took a look back at the relevance of Wizard Rock. "There are still some wizard rock bands propping up the scene—hiding out in ancient Myspaces or hidden Bandcamps. But none are quite as active or in-demand like Harry and the Potters...It didn’t matter who you were, you could always relate to someone about Hogwarts. It’s hard to find stuff like that in adulthood. The fandom has dissipated in popular culture, so you’re forced to keep it alive in your head. It makes Harry and the Potters a nostalgia act, to a certain extent—expected from a band that’s only put out two new songs in the last five years. 'People come to our shows to reconnect to that ‘midnight release party’ vibe,' says Paul DeGeorge. 'It conjures a lot of those feelings that haven’t been exercised in years.'”
    • The Orlando Weekly took note of a planned fanfiction reading. "Love it or hate it, fan fiction has become one of the most popular literary forms of the 21st century. Hordes of scribblers of wildly varying talent regularly post hundreds of thousands of unauthorized expansions of various fandoms to sites like AO3 or Some fanfic writers even get published after doing a search-and-replace of proper nouns and we all suffer for it (*cough*Fifty Shades*cough*). So of course local literary kingpins Jesse Bradley of There Will Be Words and John King of 'The Drunken Odyssey' have teamed up to, uh, celebrate the genre."

    What have you seen that best expresses the love of fandoms? Write about it in Fanlore! Contributions are welcome from all fans.

    We want your suggestions! If you know of an essay, video, article, podcast, or link you think we should know about, comment on the most recent OTW Fannews post. Links are welcome in all languages! Submitting a link doesn't guarantee that it will be included in a Fannews post, and inclusion of a link doesn't mean that it is endorsed by the OTW.

  • OTW Fannews: Fandom Bedfellows

    .Ellorgast on Sunday, 16 August 2015 - 4:09pm
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    Swirly text surrounded by pink flowers, hearts, and a cupid reading

    • The University of Leicester announced a conference on Fandom and Religion. "'Fandom is a major activity today: people’s passions become major commitments, and fans start seeming like religious devotees,' says Dr Clive Marsh, Director of Lifelong Learning at the University of Leicester, who is one of the organisers. 'I am particularly interested in researching the intensity with which people exercise their fandom, and how this signals the meaning and purpose that people find in, and through, their fan activity. Functionally at least, this can prove to be very similar indeed to religious practice.'”
    • BizCommunity discussed results of a survey of music fans and categorized them by eight 'Logics of Engagement'. "Music fans engage in their passion differently country by country. For example, the festive culture of Brazilians make them the fans that engage most strongly through the logic of Social Connection (62%), whereas 9 out of 10 Chinese fans engage through the logic of Play. Furthermore, age matters. Young fans aged 13-17 engage the most strongly through Immersion when they listen to music (64%). A majority of fans that are 35 and older engage through the Logic of Exploration (59%)."
    • Barnes and Noble was targeting fangirls as part of its Pop Culture events. "Barnes & Noble is calling all fangirls to its stores nationwide for a special Fangirl Friday celebrate fandom. From 'Potterheads' to 'Whovians' to YA Booklovers, there’s a fandom for everyone, and Barnes & Noble is calling all fangirls to unite and visit their local store to enjoy special events, giveaways and more. Cosplay is welcomed. Additionally, while supplies last, customers can pick up the Vinyl Vixen Metallic Wonder Woman, available only at Barnes & Noble."
    • Cosmopolitan discussed an unfortunate overlap between Cameron Dallas fans and porn viewers. "Cameron Dallas is a dreamy, wholesome male Vine and YouTube star who is 20 years old. As is typical of this genre of celebrity, his fans are mostly teen girls. So I found it pretty disturbing last night when those fans started posting tons of selfies for Cameron on Twitter under their fandom name: Cam Girls. Anyone who has used the Internet probably knows what a cam girl is (other than a Cameron Dallas fan, apparently) and if you don't, I'll just tell you right now: "Cam girl" is short for "webcam girl," a woman who strips and does porn via webcam for money. Another fact about cam girls is that — like most other businesses — they often use Twitter to foster a following."

    What strange bedfellows have you seen in fandom? Write about them in Fanlore! Contributions are welcome from all fans.

    We want your suggestions! If you know of an essay, video, article, podcast, or link you think we should know about, comment on the most recent OTW Fannews post. Links are welcome in all languages! Submitting a link doesn't guarantee that it will be included in a Fannews post, and inclusion of a link doesn't mean that it is endorsed by the OTW.

  • OTW Fannews: Asking and Getting

    Claudia Rebaza on Thursday, 30 July 2015 - 4:06pm
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    Banner by Ania of tiny stormtroopers putting out candles on a cake

    • The Daily Dot discussed Funimation's fanart stance with OTW Legal staffer Rebecca Tushnet. "'[I]t’s notable that there’s no mention of fair use...Fan art can be non-infringing fair use; elements of whether it is fair use include how transformative it is (how much new meaning and message it adds); whether it’s commercial or not; and whether it displaces a market for 'official' goods.' So it doesn't matter that they've declared they won't be going after commercially sold fanart? Not necessarily, according to Tushnet: 'It somewhat depends on what they actually do, but they are clearly claiming that fan art is in fact infringing copyright, even if they indicate they usually tolerate it. So I wouldn’t feel very reassured by this statement.'"
    • Perhaps JK Rowling's embrace of her fandom was key in a Fox Sports story about a fan whose fannishness influenced the University of Kentucky 2015 yearbook. "Towles has said that he's read each book in the series at least seven times and can 'quote the whole thing,' referring to the movies. And to take his fandom a step further, he annually celebrates Harry Potter's mythical birthday on July 31." The article concluded, "Harry Potter fan or not, you've got to appreciate the passion that led to...a yearbook titled 'Patrick Towles and the Order of Kentucky Football.'"
    • The Debrief reported on One Direction's new charity initiative, Action 1D. "Action1D is part of a brilliant wider campaign called Action/2015 which is all about the fact 2015 is the year loads of global issues begin to get resolved...What do Directioners need to do to save the world? Create pictures, videos, whatever, telling the boys what they want the future of the world to look like. Harry, Niall, Liam and Louis will then help put pressure on our leaders."
    • NPR featured a story on filmmaker Jennifer Nelson who is suing Warner/Chappell Music to make the song 'Happy Birthday' available for everyone. "If Nelson and her lawyers win, the song will be in the public domain. 'I think it's going to set a precedent for this song and other songs that may be claimed to be under copyright, which aren't," says [Nelson's lawyer]. As for Nelson, she jokes that if her lawsuit succeeds, 'People will be so sick of the 'Happy Birthday to You' song, because everybody will get to use it, finally.'"

    What fan charity efforts do you know about? Write about them in Fanlore! Contributions are welcome from all fans.

    We want your suggestions! If you know of an essay, video, article, podcast, or link you think we should know about, comment on the most recent OTW Fannews post. Links are welcome in all languages! Submitting a link doesn't guarantee that it will be included in a Fannews post, and inclusion of a link doesn't mean that it is endorsed by the OTW.

  • OTW Fannews: Altering Reality

    Janita Burgess on Sunday, 19 July 2015 - 5:32pm
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    OTWFannews Banner Altering Reality

    • Geek and Sundry suggested that Gaming Led Us All to Genderbending. "There’s a great deal of imagination and creativity behind genderbending in fandom, fan art, and cosplay, and it can help us identify more strongly with those characters we love. But where does it really come from? Where did we even get the idea to imagine our favorite fandoms with this random character change? While the interest in genderbending can come from a lot of different places, I think gaming had a huge part of making it more widely understood."
    • Eventbrite's latest fandom study examined con attendance and cosplay. "Con-goers are split almost half and half by gender, with males representing 48.7% of fans, and women making up 48.9%. Taking a closer look at these nearly-equal slices of the population pie, we see that single fans are divided by gender almost evenly as well: 50% of singles are male, and 47% are female. But while male singles head to cons alone (29%), the single ladies travel in groups (18%), and go for the cosplay."
    • Malaysian Digest reported that 1 of every 6 K-pop fans is male, but they're often quiet about it. "'I was showing to a friend a music video of Super Junior’s ‘Sorry Sorry’. I was expecting comments like 'wow cool dance moves' or 'it’s catchy', but NO, instead he said, 'why do you listen to this. It’s not like you understand a single thing that they say. Plus they look kinda gay. Are you gay?'...What I don’t understand is why does liking another music genre has got to do with sexual orientation?"
    • Attack of the Fanboy discussed the battling petitions related to the development of Metroid Prime: Federation Force and linked to a video highlighting the fan rage being expressed. "In just under four minutes, Mega64 skewers the mentality behind the Federation Force petition by taking it to an extreme that incorporates elements of Anonymous threat videos with a terrorist-lite militia. It looks like a hard sell on paper, but the over the top nature of every passing second works well on video."


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